时时彩平台注册

 
 

达斡尔族

ssmz_dwe

民族概况:

时时彩平台注册“hala”shidawoerzudeshizuzuzhi,tashiyifuxixueyuanguanxiweiniudaierjiechengdeshehuijituan。meiyige“hala”douyouzijidejujudi,liru,“guobolehala”juzhuyujingqilijiangxiayouzhiliubudanheliuyu,“aolahala”jujuzaijingqilijiangzhongyouzhiliutiladengheliuyudeng。shuyutongyi“hala”deren,junjuyouxueyuanguanxi,yineryangejinzhitonghun。ge“hala”junyouminzhuxuanjude“halada”(shizushouling),guanlishizuneibushiwu。qingchaomonian,dawoerrenyi“hala”weidanweijinxingjitishouliehuodong,zheishishizuzuzhigongtongshengchan、pingjunfenpeixisudecancun。

suizheshengchandefazhanherenkoudezengjia,“hala”deguimoriquguangda,yushi,yige“hala”youfenweiruogange“mokun”。“mokun”shidawoerzudefuxijiazuzuzhi。meiyige“mokun”douyouzijiduzidemingcheng,ru“wulisimokun”、“guobolemokun”、“biriyangmokun”deng。tongyi“mokun”derenjuzhuzaitongyigecunluohuoxianglindedifang,zaishengchanheshenghuofangmianyouhuxiangbangzhudeyiwu,yeyoushouyangguer、shanyanggugualaorendeyiwu。suoyou“mokun”neidechengniannanzidouyouquancanjia“mokun”huiyi,tashijiazudezuigaoquanlijigou,fuzexuanjuhuochehuan“mokunda”(jiazuzhang)、shangtaojiazuneibushengchanheshenghuoshangdedashi,chufaweifanxiguanfadejiazuchengyuandeng。

时时彩平台注册wulunshi“halada”haishi“mokunda”,doushizaiweizurenjinyiwu,meiyourenhebaochou,yebutuolilaodong。yuanmingqingshiqi,zhongyuanwangchaozaidawoerzujuzhudediquxianhoujianliqizijidetongzhijigou,“halada”he“mokunda”beirenmingweijicengzhengquandexingzhengshouling,“hala”he“mokun”chujixulvxingqixueyuanzuzhidegongnengwai,haidanfuqijicengxingzhengzuzhidezhineng。

时时彩平台注册1640nian8yue,qingchaozhengfujiangzaizhengfusuolunbuzhanzhengzhongfuhuodezhuangding、funvyouxiaogong5673renjunlirubaqi,bianweiniulu。cihou,qingchaoweijiaqiangduidawoerdengzudeguanli,luxujiangguifuneiqiandedawoerrenbianweiniulu。butehadedawoerrenbianweidouboqian、morideng、nemoer3gezhalan(qingchaobaqijunshidanwei,lianhuoduizhiyi),jiangewenkezubianwei5geaba(liequ),lishuyuqiqihaerzongguanyamenguanxia。zhalanshizaiyuanxianshelideniulujichuzhishangerxingchengdeyizhongjuyoudifangguanlihejunshizhinengshuangzhongtediandetongzhijigou,tajifangxiaolemanzhoubaqidejiala、canlingzhizhi,youchongfenliyongledawoerzushehuiyuanyoudehala、mokunzhidu,weirihoubutehabaqidezujiandiandinglejichu。1732nian,qingzhengfuzaidawoerzu3gezhalanheewenkezu5geabadejichushangzhengshizujianlebutehabaqi。qizhong,dawoerrenjujudedouboqianzhalanbeibianweixianghuangqi,moridengzhalanbeibianweizhenghuangqi,nemoerzhalanbeibianweizhengbaiqi。ciwai,zaiaihun、moergen、qiqihaer、hulunbeier、hulandengchengzhufangbaqiguanbingzhong,junyouyidingshuliangdedawoerren。tebieshizaiqiqihaer、moergen、aihunsanzuojunshizhongzhendeguanbingzhong,“dahulijushuzhiban”。

时时彩平台注册qingdai,dawoerzubaqiguanbingdezhizezhuyaoyousanxiang: yishifubingyi,fannianman15sui、shengao5chidenanzi,junweizhuangding,kaishifubingyi、chengdanyaoyihenagongdengyiwu;ershixunluobianjing,qingzhengfuzaizhongebianjiexianshangshelilegudingdewobao(tudui),meinianhuomeisannianpaiguanbingdingqixunluo;sanshizhufangkalun(shaosuo),weilegonggubianfang,qingzhengfuyuyongzhengnianjianzaibianjiedidaishezhilegezhongkalun,paibaqibinglunhuanzhushou。

baqizhidudejianli,duiyudawoerzudefazhanyouzheshenkedeyingxiang。cong1684nianbeibianwei“zhalan”shiqi,guidingdawoerzushiwusuiyishangdenanzimeiwunianceliangshengaoyici,tigaogouwuchidejixufudangezhonggongchayaoyi,suijiaodiaopiyizhang。meiniannongliwuyueyouheilongjiangjiangjun、butehafudoutonglvlingdaxiaoguanyuanjujizaiqiqihaerfujin,juxing“chulehan”(jishi),tiaoxuanzhengshoudediaopi。yinianyidudexuandiaozhiduchengweidawoerzurenminjiweichenzhongdefudan。baqizhidudejianli,jiasuledawoerzushehuifengjianhuadeguocheng。

zaiqingchaotongzhideerbaiduonianjian,duibutehabaqijinxinglepinfandezhengdiao。jubuwanquantongji,qianhougongda60duoci,youdeyuanshuxinjiang,zhenshoubianka。qingchaosuocaiqudecuoshi,yifangmianshidawoerzurenkouzengzhangshoudaoyidingyingxiang,lingyifangmian,youzaikeguanshangcujinledawoerzudeshengchanfazhanhewuzishishicaipingtaizhuce,miqieledawoerzuhehan、mandenggezurenmindelianxi。

xinzhongguochengliqian,zainongquhemuqu,gengdi、shengchudengzhuyaoshengchanziliaodezhanyoujibupingheng,fengjianboxueshifenyanzhong。tebieshijindairibendiguozhuyidezhengzhiyapohejingjilveduo,gengshidawoerzurenmindeshenghuoshifenbeican。ribendiguozhuyiyifangmiantiaobominzuguanxi,zhizaominzuqishi,qiangpoyimin,poshidawoerzurenminlikaijiayuan,qianjuweixingandongsheng;lingyifangmianrenyibazhanmintian,chou“guobing”la“laogong”,yongdijiaqiangzhengliangshi、pizhanghemucai,cankudilveduodawoerzurenmin。ribenqinlvezhehaituixingduhuazhengce,daochusheliyapianlingmaisuo,cuicandawoerzurenmindeshenxinjiankang。

历史沿革:

时时彩平台注册congyuyan、fengsuxiguan、minjianchuanshuodengfangmiankan,dawoerzukenengshiqidanrendehouyi。liaochaomiewangyihou,dawoerzudexianminqianxidaoheilongjiangyibei。17shijizhongye,dawoerzudexianminfenbuzaiwaixinganlingyinanjingqilijiangliuyuheguyudongqiniumanjiang,xizhishilekahedeheilongjiangbeianhegudidai。yinshaezhiminzheruqinheqingzhengfuduigaiminzutongzhidejiaqiangernanqianzhinenjiangliuyu,yushi,daxinganlinghenenjiangliuyujiuchengledawoerrendeguxiang。houlai,youyuqingzhengfuzhengdiaodawoerzuqingzhuangnianzhufangdongbeidiqujixibeibianjingchengzhen,youyibufendawoerrenxijuhulunbeier、aihunjixinjiangtacheng。

zaizhangqidelishifazhanguochengzhong,dawoerzurenminweifankangshaeruqin、gongguhekaifadongbeibianjiangzuochulebukemomiedezhongdagongxian。1643nian,shaewaxili?boyakefuyihuogesakefeitu,diyiciruqinwoguoheilongjiangliuyu。tamenzuixianchuangruwoguojingqilijiangdawoerzujuzhuqu,zaodaodawoerzujumindejianjuehuiji,poshigesakefeitulangbeitaocuan。zheishiwoguoheilongjiangyibeidiqujumindiyiciyingyongdewuzhuangkangedouzheng。

1651nian,habaluofuyoulvlingshaeqinlvejunzaiciruqinheilongjiang。dangdaodaguigudaerdawoerzulianfangchengshi,weixiejuminxiangshahuangjiaona“maopigongfu”,dawoerzushoulingguigudaeryizhengciyandihuida: “shishicaipingtaizhucexiangzhongguoshunzhihuangdijingong,nayoujinimendegongpin?yaoshishicaipingtaizhucejiaogong,chufeishishicaipingtaizhucezhandoudaozuihouyigeren。”zaiyongdapao、huoqiangwuzhuangdaoyachidefeitujingongmianqian,dawoerzurenminshouchidadao、zhangmaohegongjianjinxinglewanqiangdedikang。dawoerzuzhanshizaiguigudaerlingdaodeshouchengzhanzhong,ningsibuqu,661renyingyongxishengle,tamendeyingxiongqigaihebuxiuyejiyongyuanhuozaiwoguogezurenminxinzhong。

1684niandeyakesazhiyi,dawoerzurenminyejijitourulefankangshaeqinlvedezhengyizhanzheng。

yapianzhanzhengyihou,zaidiguozhuyihefengjianzhuyideshuangzhongyapoxia,dawoerzurenmindekunangengjiashenzhong,fankangdouzhengyegengjiajianjue。1914nianzhi1916nian,qiqihaerdedawoerzurenminfanduifandongjunfaqiangxingfanghuangzhaoken、bazhantudi,zaishaolanghedaifulingdaoxia,dahaoqiang、kangguanjun,xianqilehonghonglieliedefanyapodouzheng。1931nianribendiguozhuyiruqindongbeiyihou,dawoerzurenmincongbuqufu,jijizhichihecanjiakangrilianjun。xuduodawoerzuqunzhongweikangliansongliang、dailu、yanhushangyuan,duocixiezhukanglianduiwuqiangdunenjiang、yingyongxishengdedawoerzuchuanfubahabudeyingxiongshiji,zairenminzhongchuansongzhijin。xinjiangtachengdiqudedawoerzurenmin,yejijicanjiale1944nianfanduiguomindangtongzhidesanqugeming,yingyongzuozhan,weixinjiangdehepingjiefangzuochulezijidegongxian。

“hala”shidawoerzudeshizuzuzhi,tashiyifuxixueyuanguanxiweiniudaierjiechengdeshehuijituan。meiyige“hala”douyouzijidejujudi,liru,“guobolehala”juzhuyujingqilijiangxiayouzhiliubudanheliuyu,“aolahala”jujuzaijingqilijiangzhongyouzhiliutiladengheliuyudeng。shuyutongyi“hala”deren,junjuyouxueyuanguanxi,yineryangejinzhitonghun。ge“hala”junyouminzhuxuanjude“halada”(shizushouling),guanlishizuneibushiwu。qingchaomonian,dawoerrenyi“hala”weidanweijinxingjitishouliehuodong,zheishishizuzuzhigongtongshengchan、pingjunfenpeixisudecancun。

suizheshengchandefazhanherenkoudezengjia,“hala”deguimoriquguangda,yushi,yige“hala”youfenweiruogange“mokun”。“mokun”shidawoerzudefuxijiazuzuzhi。meiyige“mokun”douyouzijiduzidemingcheng,ru“wulisimokun”、“guobolemokun”、“biriyangmokun”deng。tongyi“mokun”derenjuzhuzaitongyigecunluohuoxianglindedifang,zaishengchanheshenghuofangmianyouhuxiangbangzhudeyiwu,yeyoushouyangguer、shanyanggugualaorendeyiwu。suoyou“mokun”neidechengniannanzidouyouquancanjia“mokun”huiyi,tashijiazudezuigaoquanlijigou,fuzexuanjuhuochehuan“mokunda”(jiazuzhang)、shangtaojiazuneibushengchanheshenghuoshangdedashi,chufaweifanxiguanfadejiazuchengyuandeng。

wulunshi“halada”haishi“mokunda”,doushizaiweizurenjinyiwu,meiyourenhebaochou,yebutuolilaodong。yuanmingqingshiqi,zhongyuanwangchaozaidawoerzujuzhudediquxianhoujianliqizijidetongzhijigou,“halada”he“mokunda”beirenmingweijicengzhengquandexingzhengshouling,“hala”he“mokun”chujixulvxingqixueyuanzuzhidegongnengwai,haidanfuqijicengxingzhengzuzhidezhineng。

1640nian8yue,qingchaozhengfujiangzaizhengfusuolunbuzhanzhengzhongfuhuodezhuangding、funvyouxiaogong5673renjunlirubaqi,bianweiniulu。cihou,qingchaoweijiaqiangduidawoerdengzudeguanli,luxujiangguifuneiqiandedawoerrenbianweiniulu。butehadedawoerrenbianweidouboqian、morideng、nemoer3gezhalan(qingchaobaqijunshidanwei,lianhuoduizhiyi),jiangewenkezubianwei5geaba(liequ),lishuyuqiqihaerzongguanyamenguanxia。zhalanshizaiyuanxianshelideniulujichuzhishangerxingchengdeyizhongjuyoudifangguanlihejunshizhinengshuangzhongtediandetongzhijigou,tajifangxiaolemanzhoubaqidejiala、canlingzhizhi,youchongfenliyongledawoerzushehuiyuanyoudehala、mokunzhidu,weirihoubutehabaqidezujiandiandinglejichu。1732nian,qingzhengfuzaidawoerzu3gezhalanheewenkezu5geabadejichushangzhengshizujianlebutehabaqi。qizhong,dawoerrenjujudedouboqianzhalanbeibianweixianghuangqi,moridengzhalanbeibianweizhenghuangqi,nemoerzhalanbeibianweizhengbaiqi。ciwai,zaiaihun、moergen、qiqihaer、hulunbeier、hulandengchengzhufangbaqiguanbingzhong,junyouyidingshuliangdedawoerren。tebieshizaiqiqihaer、moergen、aihunsanzuojunshizhongzhendeguanbingzhong,“dahulijushuzhiban”。

时时彩平台注册qingdai,dawoerzubaqiguanbingdezhizezhuyaoyousanxiang: yishifubingyi,fannianman15sui、shengao5chidenanzi,junweizhuangding,kaishifubingyi、chengdanyaoyihenagongdengyiwu;ershixunluobianjing,qingzhengfuzaizhongebianjiexianshangshelilegudingdewobao(tudui),meinianhuomeisannianpaiguanbingdingqixunluo;sanshizhufangkalun(shaosuo),weilegonggubianfang,qingzhengfuyuyongzhengnianjianzaibianjiedidaishezhilegezhongkalun,paibaqibinglunhuanzhushou。

baqizhidudejianli,duiyudawoerzudefazhanyouzheshenkedeyingxiang。cong1684nianbeibianwei“zhalan”shiqi,guidingdawoerzushiwusuiyishangdenanzimeiwunianceliangshengaoyici,tigaogouwuchidejixufudangezhonggongchayaoyi,suijiaodiaopiyizhang。meiniannongliwuyueyouheilongjiangjiangjun、butehafudoutonglvlingdaxiaoguanyuanjujizaiqiqihaerfujin,juxing“chulehan”(jishi),tiaoxuanzhengshoudediaopi。yinianyidudexuandiaozhiduchengweidawoerzurenminjiweichenzhongdefudan。baqizhidudejianli,jiasuledawoerzushehuifengjianhuadeguocheng。

时时彩平台注册zaiqingchaotongzhideerbaiduonianjian,duibutehabaqijinxinglepinfandezhengdiao。jubuwanquantongji,qianhougongda60duoci,youdeyuanshuxinjiang,zhenshoubianka。qingchaosuocaiqudecuoshi,yifangmianshidawoerzurenkouzengzhangshoudaoyidingyingxiang,lingyifangmian,youzaikeguanshangcujinledawoerzudeshengchanfazhanhewuzishishicaipingtaizhuce,miqieledawoerzuhehan、mandenggezurenmindelianxi。

时时彩平台注册xinzhongguochengliqian,zainongquhemuqu,gengdi、shengchudengzhuyaoshengchanziliaodezhanyoujibupingheng,fengjianboxueshifenyanzhong。tebieshijindairibendiguozhuyidezhengzhiyapohejingjilveduo,gengshidawoerzurenmindeshenghuoshifenbeican。ribendiguozhuyiyifangmiantiaobominzuguanxi,zhizaominzuqishi,qiangpoyimin,poshidawoerzurenminlikaijiayuan,qianjuweixingandongsheng;lingyifangmianrenyibazhanmintian,chou“guobing”la“laogong”,yongdijiaqiangzhengliangshi、pizhanghemucai,cankudilveduodawoerzurenmin。ribenqinlvezhehaituixingduhuazhengce,daochusheliyapianlingmaisuo,cuicandawoerzurenmindeshenxinjiankang。

风俗文化:

时时彩平台注册dawoerzushizhongguobeifangnongmuwenhuajiaoweifadadeshaoshuminzuzhiyi。nongmubingju,yuliejianying,shougongye、caijiye、shangye、linyehejiaotongyunshuyedengduozhongjingjichengfentongshenggongcun,zheishidawoerzujingjijiegoudejibentedian,yeshidawoerzushengchanfengsudezhuyaotezheng。

dawoerzujuzhudediquyulieziyuanjiweifengrao,xiangyou“bangdazhangzipiaoyaoyu,yejifeijinfanguoli”deshuofa。zaiqingdai,dongbeidiqudeyixieshaoshuminzu,douyoudiaopizhigong。gongnadiaopi,zuoweifushui,yibiaochenfuzhiyi。shouliechujingjizhinengyiwai,haijuyoulezhengzhifangmiandeyiyi。yushi,shouliebianyanxuxialai。dawoerrendeshoulie,juyouyidingdejijiexing。chunxiazhijideliangsangeyue,zhuyaoshidalu,mudeshihuoqulurongdengzhenguiyaocai。qiutianzhuyaoshidapaozi,jiejueroushihepizhangdengshenghuoyongpin。dongtianzhuyaodazidiao、songshudengximaoshou,suohuopizhangdaduoyongyuchushou。dongmochunchu,liequlutai。zhidaoxinzhongguochenglihou,suizheyeshengdongwuziyuandejianshaoheguojiabaohuyeshengdongwuziyuanzhengcedeshishi,shouliecaizuizhongcongdawoerzudejingjishenghuozhongtuichu。

时时彩平台注册fadadeyulieshenghuoyunyulefengfudeyuliegongyi。dawoerzubuyugongjuzhongleiqiquan,shuliangjiaoduo,you“alee”(yuwang)、“siere”(yucha)、“hadi”(yuliangzi)、“aolianku”(yulou)、“daruole”(yuzhao)、“banzengzi”(yushao)、yudunyijiyunren、zaiwudechuanzhideng。jinjiuwangjueryan,jiyoushiyingdaguimoyuyeshengchanershiyongdelawang,yeyoushiheyugerendandubuyushiyongdeguawang、xuanwanghexiuwang,jibenshangkeyimanzudawoerrenzaibutongjijie,anbutongguimocongshiyuyeshengchandexuyao。dawoerrendebuyufangfayeshiduozhongduoyangde,ruwangbu、chayu、gouyuhedangliangzideng,qizhongzuishanzhangdeshizaobingquyu。zaibingtianxuedidehandongshijie,renmenzaijiebingdejiangmianshangdaqijianyidemaocaowu,ranhouzaoruogangebingyan,yongyucha、yuwang、yugoudenggongjubuyu。mengdinggongzai《butehazhilve》zhongjizai: “chuanzuobingyanxishangdongwang,chibeigouchaxibuyuwei;xiongdijiuguxifushishouhuoweishengji。”dongrendegeyaobujinxingxiangdizaixianleqingdaidawoerrenzaobingquyushideshengkuang,erqieyefanyingchuyuyeshengchanzaidawoerzuduiwaijiaohuanzhongsuoqidezhongyaozuoyong。

时时彩平台注册caijishiyuliejingjidezhongyaobuchong。zaidawoerzujuzhuqu,kegongcaijideyecai、yeguohejunmoleizhiwuzhongleifengfu,ruliuhaoya、huanghuacai、baimo、muer、xiaogensuan、choulizi、shanlihongdengdeng。chunxiashijie,funvmenchengqunjieduidilaidaoyewai,caijigezhonggeyangkeyishiyongdeyecai,zuoweizuocanshipin。qiudongzhishi,renmendaoshulinlicaijiyeguo。

duiyudawoerzulaishuo,muyejuyouyuyulietongdengdezhongyaoxing。dawoerzuzaiheilongjiangbeianjuzhushi,qimuyeshengchanshifenxingsheng,henduorenjiadousiyangzhejishitoushenzhijibaitoushengchu。nanqianyihou,nenjiangliuyuguangkuodecaoyuanweidawoerzufazhanchumuyejingjitigongledetianduhoudezirantiaojian。gejiagehupubiansiyangshengchu,bingbashengchujizhongfangmudaoshizugonggongdemuchangshang。dawoerrensiyangdeshengchu,yiniumadengdashengchuweizhu。mayongyujiacheheshoulieshiyunrenzaiwu,niuyongyunonggeng、lacheheshengchanrushipin。20shijiqianbanye,youyutianzaihezhanluandeyingxiang,dawoerzudemuyeshengchandafuduxiajiang,siyangdeshengchuzhunianjianshao,shenzhichuxianlexuduowuchuhu。

tongzhoubiandeyulieminzuxiangbi,dawoerzushiyigejiaozaodiguoshangnonggenghedingjushenghuodeminzu。liaochaomiewangyihou,dawoerrendexianminqianxidaoheilongjiangyibeideguangdadiqu,congshinongyehemuye。zaidawoerrendingjucunluodesizhou,shizhongmandamai、yanmai、mizi、qiaomaihewandoudetiandi。zaidawoerrendecaiyuanli,zhongzhizhedadou、suan、xianggua、xiguahehuanggua。tongshi,tamenhaizhongzhipingguo、lihehutao。gengtiandezhuyaochulishiniu。zaishaeweiruqinzhiqian,dawoerdiquchengxianyipiantianyuanfengguang。nanqiannenjiangliuyuzhihou,dawoerrendenongyehuodelejinyibudefazhan。nongzuowupinzhongzengduo,yumi、xiaomai、gaoliang、guzidengxiangjichuanru,gaishanledawoerzunongyedezhongzhijiegou。

zaidawoerzudejingjizhong,linye、shangpinmaoyi、shougongyehejiaotongyunshuyedenggejutese。weilemanzuzhizaoshengchangongju、shenghuoyongjuyijixiufanggaiwudexuyao,dawoerrenshichangjinshanfamu。zaidongchunshijie,youqibagehuoshilaigeshenqianglizhuangderenzuchengfamuzu(anage),hehuoshangshanfamubingyundaojiangbian,kunzhachengmupai,dengdaojianghetonghang、shuiliupingwenshi,zaijiangmupaiyunhui。qingchaochunian,xiujianaihun、moergen(jinnenjiangzhen)、bukui(jinqiqihaer)sangemuchengsuoxudemucai,zhuyaokaodawoerrentigong。dawoerrenshengchandemucaichugongzishenxiaofeiyiwai,haidaliangdiyundaoqiqihaer、fulaerji、longjiangdengchengzhenchushou。dawoerrencongshishangpinmaoyihuodongyeyouzheyoujiudelishi。zaiqingdai,yixiedawoerrenyuelunchunzu、ewenkezulieminjiecheng“anda”(pengyou、hehuo)guanxi,yongqiangzhidanyao、liangshi、bupi、yanjiuheyandengshengchanshenghuoyongpinhuanqushouliechanpin,ranhouzhuanshouyuli。daoleqingmozhiminguoshiqi,suizhezhongdongtieludexiujianheneidiyimindezengduo,dawoerzunonglinmuyulieshougongdengchanpindeshangpinhualvjunyoulemingxiandetigao。

时时彩平台注册zaixinzhongguochengliqian,dawoerzudechuantongjingjirengranchuyuzijizizujieduan,juedaduoshudeshengchangongjuheshenghuoyongjudoukaoshougongzhizuo。dawoerzugaochaodeshougongzhizuojiyi,jizhongtixianzaitamenzhizuodegezhongjiaotonggongjushang。dawoerzudejiaotongyunshuhenyoutese,shizaizhangqideshengchan、shenghuoshijianzhongxingchenghefazhanqilaide,zaishehuifazhanheduiwaiwenhuashishicaipingtaizhucezhongzhanyoushifenzhongyaodediwei。dawoerzudechuantongjiaotongyunshugongju,keyifenweilulujiaotonggongjuheshuilugongjuminsuliangdalei,lulujiaotonggongjuyoumahuozheniuladeleleche、pali、huaxuebandeng;shuilujiaotonggongjuyoudumuzhou、huapichuan、mupaihemuchuan。qizhong,zuijuteseyezuinengtixiandawoerzushougongjiyidejiushileleche。

leleche,youmingdalunche、leileiche、daguluche,qishiyonglishikeyishangsudaoyi“chejumin”zhimingerzhuchengyushidesijitairen,qihoulijingzhongduocaoyuanyoumuminzudexingshuaishanbianquechengchuanbushuai。zheiyubeifangcaoyuanfuzadedilihuanjingheyoumuminzudeshenghuofangshishifenbukaide,shibeifangyoumuminzushiyingshengcunhuanjingdeyizhongchuangzao。qinlaozhihuidedawoerzurenminjichenglegudaiyoumuminzudezhichejiyi,bingbuduandijiayigaijin,shizhigengjiajiegouheli,qingbiannaiyong,meiguandafang。zheizhongchejuyougaolunmuzhi、jianbianshiyongdetedian。lungao1.6mi,yuanzhangyue3mi,cheti、chezhouhelunzidoushicaiyongheihuamu、zuomuweicailiaozhichengde。qizishenzhongliangzai200gongjinzuoyou,zaizhongliangkeda500gongjinyishang。zheizhongchejiegoujiandan,zhizuorongyi,qucaifangbian,xingzouqingkuai,feichangshiyongyushanquhuangyuanhezhaozehexidiqudedaolujiaotong。yunsongshengchanziliaoheshenghuoyongpin,dawoerrenzhuyaokaoleleche。chumenyuanxing、tanqinfangyou,dawoerrenyechangchangyilelechedaibu。lelecheyibanyongniujiayuan,yigetongzichangyusanwuliang,yigechengrenkeyiganyizhangchuanleleche,zuiduoshidaersanshiliang,youruyitiaozhanglong,shiyuchuanshanyueling,qichangmianyuranzhuangguan。

dawoerzudeleleche,congjiegoushiyangshangdazhikeyihuafenweisizhongleixing: putongche、weixiangche、pengche、zhangyuanche。budaixiang、pengdeputongche,jiao“hanggaiterige”,zhuyaoyongyuyunsonghuowu。weixiangche,dawoerrenchengzhiwei“kariqimuleterige”,tazaiputongchexiangdejichushangjiashanglezhefengdangxuedeweixiang,zhuyaoshizuoweidaibugongjuershiyong。zaiguoqu,renmenzouqinfangyouyijiweichujiaguniangsongqinshitongchangzuoweixiangche。zaiweixiangdeshangmianyongliutiaozhiqibanyuanxingdepengjia,ranhoujiagaizhedangyangguangheyuxuedeweixizihuohuashupi,jichengpengche。pengche,dawoerrenchengzhiwei“mulariterige”。zheizhongcheshizaiweixiangchedejichushanggaijinerchengde,fengyabiezhi,xiangcunguniangchujiadaduochengzuopengche。zhangyuanchedecheyuanzhangdawumi,biputongchedecheyuanzhangliangmi,zheizhongdutedeshejigouzaoshiweifangmupaiderenmenzaishanliyunsongzhangyuanmuerzhunbeide。

时时彩平台注册dawoerrenzhizaodelelechezaizhoubianminzuzhongxiangyoujigaodeshengyu,beiguangdadehanzuqunzhongyuwei“caoshangfei”,beimengguzumuminyuwei“dawoerche”,lilaibeirenmensuochengdao。lelechejishidawoerzushougongyedezhuyaochanpinzhiyi,youshidawoerzuzhongyaodejiaotongyunshugongju。zaidangshijingjibufada、jiaotonggongjuluohoudeniandaili,yixiedawoerrenganzhelelechewanglaiyuchengxiangzhijian,shijiaotongyunshuyechengweidawoerzushengchanminsuzhongdeyigezhongyaozuchengbufen。qingmominchuyihou,qiche、huoche、lunchuanyijingzaidawoerzudiquchuxian,ranerweishubuduo。chuantongdejiaotongyunshugongjuzaiminjianrengranzaifahuizhetayingyoudezuoyong。

zaiqingdaijiqingdaiyiqian,dawoerzubaochizheyipiyiweizhudechuantongfushiwenhua。nanzidefuzhuang,juyouhenqiangdejijiexing,renmengenjujijieheqihoudebianhuagenghuanbutongzhongleideyifu。zaimanzhangeryanhandedongji,nanrenmenchuandepipaoduocaiyonglidongzhichunjieqianhoudeshoupihuoshengchupizhizuo,yinweizheishidedongwumaopirongmaomishi,maozhijieshi,pibanhouzhong,bujinbaonuankanghan,erqiejingjiunaichuan。chunqiuliangji,nanzimenchuanyizhongzhangzhixigaidepipao,jiao“harimi”。zheizhongpipaocaiyongchun、xiahuoqiuchudepaopizhizuo。youyuqueshaobupi,nanzimenyiniansijidouchuanpiku。nanrenmentoushangdaidemaozizhongleijiaoduo,youdongtiandaidepimao,chunqiushidaidezhanmao,xiatiandaidecaomao,jiankeshidaidelimao,zhengzhongchanghedaideguanmao,shoulieshidaidepaotoupimao,dengdeng。jiaochuan“qikami”(yongpaopi、lupizuodexuezi)、“woluoqi”(buyaobudihuopididebianxue)huowula。funvchuanzhangpao,bushuyaodai,buchuanduanyi,yanseyilanweizhu。dongjiyechuan“qikami”;xiatianchuanbaibuwazi、huaxie。nianjiehuozhexiqingshichuangesexiuhuadechouduanyifu,waimiantaodexiejinkanjianjiao“aoleqing”,yuqingchaomanzuyangshijibenxiangtong,neidiaopili,waijiaduanmian,meiguanerbaonuan。

qingmoyihou,dawoerzudechuantongshouliejingjirijianweisuo,erdangdidelulujiaotongheshangpinjingjiquerijianfada,bupichouduandeyidapiliangyunru,pigezhipinzaidawoerzuchuantongfushixisuzhongdezhudaodiweiyibufucunzai。bupi、chouduan、mianmaozhipinzhujianqudailepizhifuzhuang。tongshi,fuzhuangdeshiyangyesuizheshidaidefazhanerfashengbianhua。youqishixinzhongguochenglihou,dawoerzufushixisudebianhuagengweimingxian,qirichangchuandeyizhuangxiemaoyudangdiqitaminzudazhixiangtong。

时时彩平台注册zaidawoerzudefengsuxiguanzhong,yinshiwenhuadegulaoxing、shiwuzhongleideduoyangxing、pinzhongdedutexingshibutongyuqitaminzude。zainongliebingju、yuliejianrongzheizhongjingjijiegouduoyuanhuadeyingxiangxia,dawoerzudeyinshixisujuyoumingxiandeduoyuanhuatezheng。

时时彩平台注册dawoerzuxihuanchi“jizimi”,tashengzhangqizhang,shouhuozao,zhuchudefanyousongyouruan。tamenjingchangchijianiunaiderejizimifan,jianiunaideqiaomaimian,qiaomaibing,yanmaizhoujiadadoudeng。dainiunaihepaoroudeyanmaizhouheqiaomaizhou,shilaonianrenzuixihuandeshiwu。lingwaihaiyou“hahemian”(chaoyanmaimianfen)he“guntele”(jiaocudeyanmaimian),chishidouhunheniunai、huangyou、tang。

gulaodedawoerzucuntundaduozuoluozaiyishanbangshuihuoturangfeiwodedifang。fangwuyuanluoxiujiandeshifenzhengqi,yichuangchuanggaodade“jie”zixingcaofang,jirenyizhongdafangyaguandeyinxiang。jiajiahuhudeyuanqiangdouweiraozhehongliutiaobianzhidedaiyougezhonghuawendeliba。yuanluoshifenyanjin,mapengheniusheyibanxiuzhuzailiyuanjiaoyuandedifang,zheishiyuanneijingchangbaochiqingjie。zhenggecuntunbeiyigaoshan,dongxinansanmiankaikuo,jinengjianshaobeifanghanliudeqinxi,younengjiaoduodiliyongyangguang,youliyudongjibaonuan。yishanbianyushoulie、famuhekanchai,bangshuibianyubuyu、qushuihesiyangshengchu。dawoerrenduifangjizhidexuanzeyepoweijiangjiu。fangwutongchangjianzaidishijiaogaodedifang,jifangzhilechaoshi,youbimianleshuihuan。suoyi,waizurenpingjiashuo,“youdawoerrenjiadedifangbupashuizai”。congzhongyekeyikanchujingjishenghuohediliqihouhuanjingduidawoerzujuzhuwenhuadeyingxiang。

时时彩平台注册dawoerzuchuantongfangwujianzhudezhuyaoxingshijiao“yacenggeri”,zheishiyizhongqijishide、tumujiegoudecaozhengfang。dawoerzudecaozhengfangyiliangjiandejuduo,qicishisanjiande,zhuwujiandejiaoshao。dawoerrenjiangjiuzhuwuyuchufangfenlibujudexishang。ruguoshiliangjianfang,zeyixiwuweijushi,yidongwuweichufang;ruguoshisanjianfang,tongchangyizhongjianwuweichufang,dongxiliangjianzhuren。jushineinanxibeisanmianpanyouxiangliandehuokang,sucheng“wanzikang”。huanshisanmiansuozhudehuokang,youyandao、guozaoheyancongxianglian,jishishuimianzhisuo,youshizhongguobeifangnongcunjushibibukeshaodequnuansheshi。dawoerzujiatingyibanbushehuolu,qiudongjijiedefanghanbaonuankaodejiushizheixiehuokang。kangmianshifennuanhe,shuishangquwennuanshushi,youshujinjiefazhixiao。dawoerrenzaichufangbeiqiangchu,panyouyigechishihuokang,jiao“eluge”,yonglaiganzaoliangshi。dawoerzudecaozhengfangshushijiangjiu,kuanchangmingliang,jiangunaiyong,dongnuanxialiang,erqieyiduochuangzhucheng。yizuoliangjiandecaozhengfang,xiwunanqiangyousanshanchuang,xiqiangyouliangshanchuang,dongwufangmenliangcegeyouyishanchuang,gongyouqishanchuang。ruguoshisanjiandecaozhengfang,tongchangyouchuangshiyishan。chuangduobujinkuodalecaiguangmianji,erqieyouliyukongqideliutong,baochishineikongqixinxian。tianpenghesibishangmianzhuangshizheji、feng、anchunyijishouliedenggezhongtuan、jianzhi,youdehaizhijiebaneixiemeilidezhiyu、daihuasidepimaotiezaiqiangshang,zuoweidianzhui。

时时彩平台注册xinzhongguochenglihou,dawoerzuheqitaxiongdiminzuyidaochengweiguojiadezhuren。suizhezhengzhidiweidetigaohegexiangjingjishehuishiyedekongqianfazhan,dawoerzudejuzhutiaojiandedaolejidadegaishan,qichuantongdejuzhuxisufashenglefantianfudidebianhua。kuanchangmingliangdebolichuangqudaileyuanlaidehuzhimuchuang,pige、renzaoge、xianweibanjieshuledawoerrenyiweixi、huashupiweikangxidelishi,dianshiji、dianbingxiang、xiyiji、zuhejubeifenfendibanjinxinju,gulaodutedecaozhengfangrijianjianshao,zhuanwafang、loufangriquzengduo,bingyijingchengweidawoerzuminjudezhuyaojianzhuxingshi。

时时彩平台注册dawoerrenduinanhunnvjiafeichangzhongshi,yinerxingchengleneirongfengfu、tesedujudechuantonghunyinxisu。yifuyiqizhihunyin,zaidawoerzuzhongchanshenghenzao,bingyizhichuanchengdaojintian。lishishang,dawoerzushixingbingbuyangedezuneihun,tonghunfanweizhuyaozaibenminzuneibu,jiyiyixingchengyuanweitonghunduixiang。houlai,youyuyuewenkezu、mengguzu、manzu、elunchunzuhehanzudengminzuzhangqixianglinerju,hemuerchu,tongqitaminzuzhijiandetonghunyededaoyunxu。shizuwaihunzhidushidawoerzuhunyinxisufangmiandeyouyixiangjibenzhidu。tongyihala(shizu)、mokun(jiazu)denannvyinweiyouxueyuanguanxi、weitongyifuxizuxiandehoudaieryangejinzhihuxiangtonghun。weibaochiqinqijianwendingdelunliguanxi,dawoerrensuiranyunxubufenyouqinshuguanxiderentonghun,danshiyaoqiushuangfangbeifenbixuxiangtong,yangeshixingtongbeihun。tongshi,ruzhuihunbijiaopubian。nanrenruzhuinvfanghou,suoshengzinvrengshufuqinde“hala”,nvxuzaiyuefujiazhicongshilaodong,bingwujichengnvfangcaichandequanli。

xinzhongguochengliqian,dawoerzudefengjianlijiaohedaodeguanniangenshendigu,fumubaobanhunyinbeikanchengshitianjingdiyideshiqing,qingnianrenmeiyouzixingxuanzepeioudequanli,yebunengjinxingziyoudehunqianshejiaohuodong。zhangqiyilai,zheixiehunyinzhiduhexiguanyizhishoudaoxiguanfaheshehuiyulundebaohu。qichuantonghunyinxisu,tongchangbaokuozeou、dingqin、guoli、jiehundengchengxu。renmenxuanzepeioujiangjiunianmaoxiangdang、mendanghudui。zainianlingfangmianyaoqiunannvshuangfangdazhixiangjin,nanfangyunvfangtongsuihuobinvfangdayisuizhisansuijunke。xinzhongguochenglihou,suizhe《hunyinfa》debanbuheshishi,chuantonghunsuzhongdefengjianbaoban、maimaihunyinbeichedifeichu,qingniannannvkeyitongguoziyoulianaiweizijixuanzechengxinruyidepeiou。

zaixinzhongguochengliqian,dawoerzushixingtuzang。rensiyihougenghuanshouyi,baishanggongpin,qinpenghaoyouweizhidiaosang,shititingfangsantianhouyongguanguozhuanglianqilai,yundaofendituzang。zaigecuntun,douyouben“mokun”(jiazu)degongtongmudi。tongyijiazuderensileyihou,anbeifendexianhou,zibeixiangnanyidaiyidaimaixiaqu。xunzangpinyousizheshengqiansuoyongdewupin,rushoushi、yandai、biyanhu、xiaoguo、shao、wan、kuaihedaozideng,bingyoushamajizangdeyifeng。xinzhongguochenglihou,zaizhengfudetichanghezhoubianminzudeyingxiangxia,dawoerzuzhubufeichuleshamaxunzangdegulaoyifeng,dalishixingwenmingjiejiandexinzangsu。

时时彩平台注册dawoerzurenminjinglao、huzhuhehaokedefengqihenpubian。laonianrenzaishehuishangdeweixinhengao,zaigezhongchanghelidoushoudaohoubeidezunjing。renmenbulunbicishifourenshi,douyouhuxiangbangzhudeyiwu,moujiashenghuoshangyoukunnan,tunliderendoushefabangzhujiejue。jialishashengshidoufensongjilinjuheqinyougongxiang。shouliehuobuyuhuilai,suoyouzailushangpengjianderendoufenzengtamenyifen。jialilailekerenjishishenghuopinkun,yeleyushefakuandai。zhidaorujin,zheizhongzunlaoaiyou、tuanjiehuzhu、reqinghaokedelianghaoxishangzaidawoerzuzhongyiranyuranchengfeng。

“aniejie”shidawoerzuzuishengdadechuantongjieri,xiangdangyuhanzudechunjie。congjinrulayuekaishi,renmenbiankaishiweichunjieermangliu,zhunbeiguonianyongdegezhongshipin。layueershisan,guoxiaonian,wanshangyaojizaowangye。layuesanshi,weilejinianshiqudezhangbeiheqinyou,tongchangyaojizu、saomu。chuxiye,zaidamenwaidianrangouhuo,quanjiarenhuijizaiyiqi,chituanyuanfan,tongxiaoshousui。shoubaroushijiajiabichidenianyefan。renmenbazhushudedaigurounazaishoushang,yongdaozigechengxiaokuai,zhanjiucaihua、baicaimoheyanyiqichi。chishireqitengteng,xiangweipubi,kanchengrenjianmeiweizhishangpin。zhengyuechuyi,renmenyizaojiushuxidaban,xianjibenjiazhangbeiqingan、jingyan、ketou,ranhoushizaicuntunzhongaijiaaihudibainian。zhengyueshiliuweiheihuiri,laorenmentiqianqichuang,wangweiqichuangdeernvlianshangmoyidianguodihui,suihourenmenzoushangjiedao,wangtongbandelianshangmohui,meiyigerendelianshangdoumodeheihuhude,zuoweijilidexiangzheng。

时时彩平台注册zaimanzhangdelishizhanghezhong,dawoerzuchuangzaolefengfucanlandewenhuayishu。

时时彩平台注册dawoerzuyoujiweifengfudeminjianwenxue。baokuoshenhua、chuanshuo、minjiangushi、yanyu、miyu、zhuzanci、mingeheminjianwudaogecizaineideminjianwenxuezuopin,bujinticaiguangfan,erqieqineirongfengfu,bijiaoquanmiandifanyingledawoerzurenminwuzhishengchanheshehuishenghuo、lishihewenhuadengfangmiandeneirong,yeshiqijingjihuodongheshehuihuodongdeyishuzaixian。

minjiangushishidawoerzuminjianwenxuezuopinzhongshuliangzuifengfudeyizhongticai。yourenwugushi,liru《abokatimorigen》、《debukudechuanshuo》;youdongwugushi,liru《taogaqintuoxian》;youshenghuogushi,liru《alatanimorigen》,yousamangushi,liru《nisangsamandechuanshuo》、《demorigenheqinihuahatuo》;you“manggai”gushi,liru《qushamanggai》、《tianshenzhanshengmanggai》。“manggai”zaiwoguobeifanggeminzuminjianwenxuezuopinzhongjingchangyifanmiandianxingdemianmuchuxian,shiyigebanrenbanshou、zhitipangda、xingxiangguaiyidehairenjumo,yeshiziranliheshehuieshilidedaibiao。yu“manggai”jinxingdouzhengdegushi,jituoledawoerzurenminzhengfuziran、zhanshengeshilideqianglieyuanwang。

时时彩平台注册shenhuashidawoerzuminjianwenxuezuopinzhongchanshengzuizaodeminjianwenxueticaizhiyi。youxieshenhuafanyingledawoerrenduizirandetansuoyijiduitiantiderenshi。gudaidedawoerrenrenweitiantishiyuande,youdadishangdexianheyongyizhijiaozhichengzhe。dangmeigesannianxianhehuanyicijiaoshi,dadibianhuifashengdizhen。《tianweishenmexiayuhejiangxue》zhongjiang: renleishiyongdeyouhemianshiyoutianshen“tenggeri”cijide,youyurenmenduishiwubuzhenxi,tianshenbianbuzaigongjirenleiyouhemian,zhijixiayuhejiangxue。zheizeshenhuafanyinglegudaidawoerrendetiantichongbaiguannianhesamanjiaoxinyang。youxieshenhuajiangshurenleideqiyuan,rutianshenxiafan、nienituzaorendejingguo,qiqingjieyuhanzudenvwatuantuzaorenshenhuapoweixiangsi;youdeshenhuajiangshulexiannvyulierenchengqinbingfanyanhoudaideguilihuanxiang,juyounongyudelangmanzhuyisecai;youdeshenhuajiangshulerenyudongwujiehebingshengeryunvdeshenqigushi,chongmanletutengzhuyideyiwei。

minjianchuanshuoshidawoerzuwenxuezuopinzhongjiaoweifengfudezhongleizhiyi,youguanyuminzu、buluoheshizuyuanliu、lishirenwuheshijian、xiangtufengsuhewenwugujidelailidengduofangmiandeminjianchuanshuo。《sajihaledihandechuanshuo》shiyizelishichuanshuo,jiangshuledawoerxianminzhibuzhangsajihaledihanbingbaihoulvzhongbeiqiandelishiguocheng,zheiyuliaochaomiewangyihouyibufenqidanrenbeiqiandeshishixiangwenhe。congzhongwaidewenxianjizailaikan,dawoerrenbeiqianhouqueshiguozhenongliejianrongdeshenghuo,zheihechuanshuozhongde“yizhongtiandalieweishengji”yekeyihuxiangyinzheng。zheileilishichuanshuoweihourenlejiezaoqidawoerrendewuzhishengchanheshehuishenghuoqingkuangtigongleyibajinyaochi,qishiliaojiazhipogao,wangwangkeyihetabenshensuoyunhandewenxuejiazhixiangpimei。《chilutaidechuanshuo》he《huanziyoudechuanshuo》fenbiejiangshuledawoerzulierenzaizhangqideshengchanheshenghuoshijianzhongfaxianlutaihehuanziyouyaoyongjiazhidejingguo,tongshiyeshuoming,suizheshouliejingjideyanxuhefazhan,renmenduiyeshengdongwujiazhiderenshiyezaibuduanshenhua。

“wuqin”shiliuchuanzaidawoerzuminjiandeyizhongyinsongtiyunlvshi,duoyisixingshiweiyiduan,jiangjiuyatoujiaoeryunhejushiduicheng,jiegouyanjin,yongcininglianjianjie,yinsongqilaiyinlvhexie,fuyouyinlejiezougan。“wuqin”deneirongfengfuduocai,youfanyingshengchanlaodongde“wuqin”,liru《shaolangyudaifu》、《zaibingying》deng;youfanyingshehuishenghuode“wuqin”,liru《jiuge》、《fuganzhuermiaohui》、《huirenge》deng;yeyoufanyingzongjiaoxinyangde“wuqin”,liru《jisige》deng。zongdelaikan,“wuqin”bijiaoquanmiandibiaodaledawoerzurenmindesixiangganqing,keguanzhenshidizaixianledawoerrendeshengchanheshenghuozhuangkuang,shidawoerzurenmindewenxueyishuguibao。

时时彩平台注册dawoerzudeminjianyinlequdiaoyoumei,dongrenxinxian,erqiejuyoudutexianmingdeminzufenggeheyishubiaoxianshoufa。youyushoushengchanfangshi、dilihuanjing、lishiwenhuaheyuyantediandeyingxiang,dawoerzuyinledediaoshihexuanlvjunyoudutedefenggehetedian。zaidawoerzudeminjianyishubaokuzhong,minjiangequzhanyouxiangdangdadebizhong。erdawoerzuyinledefenggehetedian,yebijiaojizhongditixianzaiminjiangequfangmian。qimingejuyoujiepaiyanzheng,jiegoufangzheng,judumingxidexianmingtedian。qidiaoshijianlizaiwushengyinjiejichuzhishang,qizhongyigongdiaoshimingedeshuliangweizuiduo。zheitixianchudawoerzurenminjianqiangminglangdexinggeheleguanxiangshangdeminzujingshen。qicishizhidiaoshimingeyijiyudiaoshiminge,erzhedeshuliangdatixiangtong,suiranzaishuliangshangmeiyougongdiaoshimingeduo,quejubeiledawoerzuyinleyoumeibiezhi、gangjianmingliangdejibentedian。zaidawoerzudemingezhong,zhiyouzaiminjianwudaoge“hakenmai”zhongcaiyoushangdiaoshi,yinciqishulianghenshao。shangdiaoshimingeyindiaochunpoweiwan,jiezourouhepinghuan,yinci,daduojuyouxiaodiaosecai。jiaodiaoshimingejiezoumingkuai,juduqingxikebian,zaiguoqudaduoyongyugechangjisishenling,yincijiaodiaoshimingejinjianyusamangequzhongershuliangzuishao。

dawoerzuchuantongmingeduojuyouduanxiaojinghan、posujianmingdetedian。youxiemingedecisuiranshiduoduande,danshitadeyinlejiegouqueshiyouyiju、erjuhuosijuzuchengde。liru,《qingwakuakou》jiushiyouyijuzuchengdeminge,takaolejiededuocifanfuwanchenglesi。

时时彩平台注册dawoerzumingedeneirongshifenfengfu,jihushejidaodawoerzurenminshenghuodefangfangmianmian。shehuishenghuo、shengchanlaodong、jingshenwenhua、fengsuxiguandengdouzaimingezhongyousuofanying。congticaishanghuafen,dawoerzumingedazhikeyifenwei“zhaendale”(shange)、“hakenmai”gequ(wudaoge)、“wuqin”(xushigequ)、“yadaganyiruo”(samangequ)yijiyouxige、yishigedeng。qibiaoxianneirong、diaoshijiegouhexuanlvgejutedian。

时时彩平台注册guwangjinlai,dawoerrenyouzheweiraogouhuojititiaowudechuantongxiguan。zheizhongminjianwudao,dawoerrenchengzhiwei“lurijile”(lurigele)。“lurijile”debiaoyanxingshi,kaishishiduoweierrenxiangduimanwu,zhongjianweibiaoyanxingdehuoxushixingdechuancha,jieweishigaochaodieqi、huopohuankuaidesaiwu。“lurijile”dewudaodongzuoshifenfengfu,jinshangshenwuzijiuduodaershiyuzhong,youbiaoxianzhaidoujiao、tishui、xilian、shutoudengshenghuochangjingdexieshidongzuo,youyingfei、xiongdou、hutiaodengmofangniaoshouxixingjitezhengdewudaodongzuo,youshangpaishou、shuangdajian、dangaishoudengshufasixiangganqingdewudaodongzuo。chuantongde“lurijile”wuqilebanzou,youbiaoyanzheyonggaokanghongliang、ciqibifudehuhaoshenghuojiepaixianmingyanzhengdemingebanwu。changjiandehuyuxingchenciyou“ahanbai、ahanbai”、“zheheizhe、zheheizhe”、“dehudehuda”、“hamo、hamo”dengshushizhong。eryouxieyongyubanchangbanwudehuhaoshengxianranyushengchanlaodongmiqiexiangguan,liru“hamo”(xiongdehousheng)、“geku”(buguniaodejiaosheng)、“zhuwei”(huhuanyingdeshengyin)deng。zheixiehuyuxingchencideshiyongbujinzengqianglewudaodongzuodejiezougan,erqieqidaolexuanranqifen,shufaqinggandelianghaoyishuxiaoguo。

dawoerzuwucidezhongleiyeyouhenduo,ru《yu》、《lu》、《qinihuaru》、《meilulie》、《guohezhaiyecai》deng,fanyingledawoerzudujutesedeshenmeiguannianhehunhouzhenzhidesixiangganqing。dawoerzudechuantongwuciyierpaihuosipaijuduo,yeyousanpaihuoliupainaizhiwupaizhe,danshizaijiezoushangdadouyaoqiuduichengtongyi,bianyuwudao。zaidawoerzurenzhong,samanwuyecengguangweiliuchuan。zaiqingshenzhibing、yuzhufengshouhuojuxingshizujihuihezongjiaojihuishi,jingchangkeyijiandaosamandewudaobiaoyan。samanwuyoudanmianguheyaolingbanzou,dujutese。

时时彩平台注册zaidawoerzufunvzhongliuxingzheyizhongminjianleqi——“mukulian”,tadegouzaojiandan,danhenjiaonen,tamenconglaibujiejirenshiyong。houlaijianjianzainanrenzhongyechuxianle“mukulian”danzoushou,danjiyirengchaobuguofunv。meidangchibawanfan,tebieshitianjingdeyewanlailin、bainiaoguichaodeshihou,nianqingmeilideguniangsansanliangliangbianchuxianzaichuangqian、shuxiahuozhexishuipang,danzouqi“mukulian”。youyangyueerde“mukulian”huapojijingdeyekong,piaodaotamenqingrendeerduoli。qingrenlijidanzouqi“mukulian”laibiaodaaiqing,duoshudawoerzunannvqingnianjiushitongguo“mukulian”tanqingshuoaide。

dawoerzushiyigereaitiyuyundongdeminzu。zaizhangqidelishifazhanzhong,xingchengleduozhongduoyangdetiyuyuyouyixiangmu,ruqima、shuaijiaoheshejiandeng,weifengfuzuguodetiyuwenhuabaokuzuochulegongxian。qizhong,“beikuodarikebei”(qugunqiubisai)zaidawoerzudetiyuxiangmuzhongzhanjuzheshouyaoweizhi。wulunshishaonianertong,haishizhongniannanzi,junyidaqiuweile。wulunshizaijieriqijian,haishizaishizujihuishang,doukeyijiandaodawoerrendaqugunqiuderenaoqingjing。chuantongdequgunqiubisaiyibanzaicuntunzhongkuanchangdejiedaoshangjinxing,changdikuanyueshijimi,zhangyuejishimi,zhongjianhuayidaojiexian,weifaqiuweizhi。liangduandeqiumenfenbiebeichengwei“aneige”(shoulieyingdi)he“yere”(yeshoudongxue),zheibujinshuomingqugunqiuyundongdeqiyuanyushouliehuodongxixixiangguan,erqieyeshuomingqugunqiuyundongdegulao。zaibisaishi,cansaishuangfanggepaishuminghuoshijimingxuanshoucanjia,meiduisheshoumenyuanyiming,qiyudexuanshouweiqianfenghehouwei。zaizhongxianchufaqiu,yidaruduifangyingmenduozheweisheng。bisaiyongdeqiugunjiao“beikuo”,zhangyue1mi,yongyouzuoshuhuowanqudeshuiquliuzhicheng,wanqudegenbuweijiqiubuwei。qiujiao“pulie”,fenweimaoqiu、muqiuhehuoqiusanzhong。maoqiuyongshoupifengzhi,qingruanyoudanxing,shiyuertongmenshiyong。muqiuyongxingshugenzhicheng,jianyingjieshi,youqingshaonianhechengnianrenshiyong。huoqiuyonghuashushangyinghuadezhenjungedazhicheng,neizhuangsongmingdengyiranwu,ranhoujingjiubuxi,gongyejianbisaishishiyong。

dawoerzutongqitaaertaiyuxigeminzuyiyang,zhuyaoxinfengsamanjiao。zaizhangqidelishifazhanguochengzhong,dawoerrensuiranshoudaoguolamajiao、daojiaohetianzhujiaodeyingxiang,bingqieyeyourengongfengguohandideguandishen、niangniangshendengshenling,danshizheixiewailaidezongjiaoheshenzhijunbuzuyipohuaisamanjiaodewanzhengxinghedulixing,gengmeiyoudongyaochuantongdesamanjiaozaidawoerrenjingshenwenhuazhongdeyuanyoudiwei。zhidaoxinzhongguochengliqianhou,samanjiaorengshijuzhuzaibutongdiqudedawoerrengongtongxinyangdezongjiao。

时时彩平台注册zaidawoeryuzhong,zhuchizongjiaohuodongdewushitongchangbeichengzuo“yadagan”。youyuhanyuyinyidebutong,“yadagan”yiciyouchuxianle“yadegan”、“yidouhan”、“yedegen”dengzhongzhongbutongdexiefa。xinjiaoderenmenxiangxin,yadeganshishendedaiyanrenherendebaohuzhe,tamenjuyouteshupingeheshenqibenling,nenggoutongshen,weizuzhongqiushenqugui、zhanbujisijixiaozaiqifu。yadaganmeiyouteshudiwei,butuolishengchan,pingshicanjiashengchanlaodong,youshizetirentiaoshenzhibing,zhuchizongjiaoliyihejisihuodong,yadaganmeiyousiyuanmiaoyuzhileigudingdezongjiaohuodongchangsuo,yemeiyouxingchengtongyidezongjiaozuzhi,shizhongbaochizheziranzongjiaoyuanshigupodetezheng。

dawoerzudesamanjiao,shangbaoliuzheyuanshishizushehuidexianmingluoyin。zaidawoerrenzhong,meigeshizudouyouzijideshizusaman,jiao“wozhuoeryadagan”。zheileiwushilingyoushizuzuxianshen,youfayiheshengudengzongjiaoyongju。dangjibing、jiazhaibuanning、yunfunanchan、rensihoumeiyouliuxiayiyandengshifashengshi,samanbianfuze“zhuanda”shenlingdebangzhu。“wozhuoerbaerken”shidawoerzuyishizudengxueyuantuantiweidanweigongfengdezushen,yibujianchengrenxingweiouxiang,gongyuxichuangzhixia,pingshibubaishegongpin。fengnianguojiezhishi,douyaoshaoxiangshanggong,layuesanshiwanshangyongzhurouhuopaozirou、qiaomaimizhouhejiuxianji。

dawoerrengongfengdeshenling,qizhongleiheshuliangshihenduode。youyunongyexiangguanliande“gajiribaerken”(tudishen)、“baneijiyin”(tudishen),youyuchumuyexixixiangguande“jiyaqibaerken”(fuchushen),yeyouyuyuliejingjimiqiexiangguande“birijibaerken”(heshen)、“baineicha”(shanshen)he“batehebaerken”(lieshen)。zheixieshenlingdecunzai,bujinshuomingsamanjiaojuyouduoshenjiaodetedian,erqieyefanyingchudawoerrendeziranchongbai、zuxianchongbai、tutengchongbaiheouxiangchongbaidengchuantongxinyang。

发展现状:

1945nian8yue,kangrizhanzhengshengli,dawoerzuhedongbeigezurenminyidaochedibaituoleribendiguozhuyidenuyi。1946nian1yue,molidawahuodelejiefang,dangherenminzhengfuzaidangdijianlilebuxiqirenminzhengquan,dawoerzurenminheqitaminzuyiqishixianledangjiazuozhudequanli。tongnian3yue,buxiqigaichengmolidawaqi。1947nian,nongyequjinxingletudigaige,muquyeshixingmuchanggongyou,fangmuziyou。zai20shiji50niandai,genjudawoerzurenmindeyuanwang,xianhouzaidawoerzujujuqujianlilewoniutu(qiqihaershijiao)、guaerbensheer(xinjiangtachengxian)deng7gedawoerminzuqu(xiang)。ju2003niantongji,quanguodedawoerzuxiang(zhen)you10ge,jineimengguzizhiquewenkezuzizhiqibayantaladawoerzuxiang、zhalantunshidawoerzuxiang,heilongjiangshengqiqihaershimeilisiquwoniutudawoerzuzhen、manggetudawoerzuxiang,qiqihaershifulaerjiquduermenqindawoerzuxiang,fuyuxianyouyidawoerzumanzukeerkezizuxiang、tahamanzudawoerzuxiang,heiheshiaihuiqukunhedawoerzumanzuxiang,sunwuxianyanjiangdawoerzumanzuxiang,xinjiangtachengshiaxierdawoerzuxiang。zheixieminzuxiang(zhen)dejianli,jinyibubaozhanglejuzhuzaisanzajudiqudawoerzudequanyi。tebieshi1958nian8yue15ri,jingguowuyuanpizhun,chenglilemolidawadawoerzuzizhiqi,jinyibushixianledawoerzurenmindangjiazuozhudequanli,congerjiekailedawoerzulishifazhandexinpianzhang。

molidawadawoerzuzizhiqishiwoguoweiyidedawoerzuzizhiqi,yeshiquanguojinyoudesangeshaoshuminzuzizhiqizhiyi。zongmianjiwei10386.68pingfanggongli,xiaxia11zhen6xiang,gongyou220gexingzhengcun,841gezirantun。chudawoerzuwai,qineihaijuzhuzhehanzu、manzu、mengguzu、ewenkezu、chaoxianzudengshijigeminzu,shiyigeduominzuhemugongchudedifang。weilequanmianguanche《zhonghuarenmingongheguominzuquyuzizhifa》,chongfenbaozhangshaoshuminzudezhengzhiquanli,neimengguzizhiqurendayu1997nian5yue31ribanbule《molidawadawoerzuzizhiqizizhitiaoli》,weidawoerzurenmingenghaodiguanlibenminzudeneibushiwu,chongfenshixingminzuquyuzizhichuangzaolejiweiyoulidefazhihuanjing。

anzhaozhongyangzhengfuzhengwuyuanbanbude《minzuquyuzizhishishigangyao》deyouguanguiding,1952nian7yue,zhonggongheilongjiangshengwei、shengrenminzhengfujueding,zailongjiangxiandawoerzujujudewoniutujianlidawoerzuzizhiqu。1956nian9yue,qiqihaershizhengfujueding,jiangyuanlongjiangxianhuaguolaidehuerhulaqu、dahudianqu、woniutudawoerzuzizhiquyijiyushutundeng4genongcunquhebing,chenglixianyijidemeilisidawoerzuqurenminzhengfu。meilisidawoerzuqushiwoguoxianyoudewugechengshiminzuquzhiyi,yeshiwoguoweiyidedawoerminzuqu。

xinzhongguochenglibingzaidawoerzudiqushixingminzuquyuzizhiyilai,weilegaibiandawoerdiqupinkunluohoudemianmao,dangheguojiadalizhiyuandawoerdiqudeshehuizhuyigeming、shishicaipingtaizhucehegaigekaifangshiye,dawoerzurenminyefayangletuanjiefendou、jiankuchuangyedejingshen,dawoerzudiqufashenglefantianfudidelishibianhua,dawoerzurenminshenghuodayougaishan。

cong20shiji50niandaikaishi,dawoerzudejingjihuodelejudafazhan。nongyejingjizoushangle“yiliangweigang”deshengchanguidao,gengdimianjibuduankuoda,nongyeshengchanjishubuduantigao,nongzuowuchanliangbuduanzengjia。molidawaqishiyigedianxingdenongyeqixian,suyou“dadouzhixiang”demeiyu。1978nian,quanqiliangshizongchanliangtupo1yijin。1983nianbeiguojiashangyebuquedingweishangpinliangshengchanjidixian。1985nian,gaiqizaishangjiaoguojiashangpinliang、dadouzongchanliangheliangshishangpinhualvsangefangmianminglieneimengguzizhiqudiyiwei。1989nian,gaiqiyoukuaruquanguoliangshishengchanbaiqiangxiandexinglie。dao2002nian,molidawaqiliangshizongchanliangdadao12.42yijin,shi1978nian1.37yijinde9.07bei,shi1958nian0.859yijinde14.46bei,shi1949nian0.575yijinde21.6bei。2005nian,molidawaqishengchanliangshi16.3yijin,zaichuanglishixingao。heilongjiangshengdedawoerzuzainongyechanzhi、liangshichanlianghenongminrenjunshourudengfangmianyebaochizhewenbufazhandelianghaojumian。2005nian,heilongjiangsheng36gedawoerzucundezongbozhongmianjidadao36107gongqing,qizhongzhongzhiliangshizuowu26881gongqing,chanliang113729dun;zhongzhilvsetesejingjizuowu6831gongqing,chanliangwei8729dun;shixiannongyeshouru17062wanyuan,yuezhanquannianzongshourude39.16%。

时时彩平台注册chumuyeshengchanfazhanxunsu。2005nian,heilongjiangshengdedawoerzucungongsiyangnainiu34142tou,siyangrouniu9351tou,siyangshengzhu41100tou,siyangrouyang40343zhi,shengchanshangpinxiannai74546dun,shengchanroulei3119dun,wanchengmuyechanzhi19021wanyuan,zhanquannianzongshourude43.66%。congzongtishangkan,zaiheilongjiangshengnongcundawoerzudejingjijiegouzhong,chumuyeshouruyijingyuanyuanchaoguonongyeshouruerjudiyiwei,chumuyeyeyincichengweiqizhuyaodeshengchanbumen。jinnianlai,molidawaqidalituixingtesechumuyezhanlve,goujianlenainiu、rouniu、daeheximaoyangsidajidi。2004nian,shengchucunlan114.5wantou(zhi),daesiyangliangda120wanzhi。2005nian,quanqimuyeniandushengchucunlandadaole200.3wantou。

dawoerzudegongyejingjicongwudaoyou,youxiaobianda,jiankangwendingdifazhanqilai。molidawaqidegongyegengshiconglingqibu,dao1958nian,yifazhanqitutang、yinshua、mugongdeng10yujiazuofangshidegongyeqiye。gaigekaifangyihou,molidawaqidedifanggongyexunsufazhanqilai,shengchanlingyukuodadaoshipinjiagong、huagong、jiancai、yinshua、niangzao、yejin、dianligongying、gongshui、gongredengzhuduoxingye,gongyeqiyezengjiadao40duojia,yongxianchubatehan、doudou、mengxing、mengedenglongtouqiye,peiyuchubatehanpijiudengquantouchanpin,gongyezichanzongeyeyougaigekaifangzhichudejiqianwanyuanzengjiadao4yiduoyuan。batehangongyeyuanqu、hongyangongyeyuanqudejianli,weimolidawaqigongyedetengfeichuangzaoletiaojian。2005nian,quanqiguimoyishanggongyewanchengchanzhi6.23yiyuan,chuxianlegongyejingjigaosuzengzhang、qiyexiaoyizhubutigaodelianghaofazhantaishi。

gaigekaifangyihou,yishangmao、canyin、yule、lvyoushishicaipingtaizhuceweizhudedisanchanyeyehuodelekuaisufazhan。lvyoukaifabujinchengweidawoerzujingjixindezengzhangdian,erqiechengweidawoerzujingjijiegouzhongdechaoyangchanye。dawoerzujujudenenjiangliangan,shanchuanxiumei,jingseyiren,juyoufazhanlvyouyedequweiyoushiheteseziyuanyoushi。minzufengqingnongyudezhongguodawoerminzuyuan、lishiyoujiudejinzhangchengyizhi、shenmideqingdaigumu、guilishenqidemolidawashanyijijiminzucun、shengtaicun、wenmingcun、lvyoudujiacunyuyitidelahaxincun,junshirenmenxiuxiandujiadehaoquchu,qizhongjinzhangchenghaibeilieweiguojiazhongdianwenwubaohudanwei。

gaigekaifangyihou,dawoerzujujuqudeshuili、jiaotong、youdian、tongxunhedianlishishicaipingtaizhucefazhanxunsu。zaishuilishishicaipingtaizhucefangmian,molidawaqixianhouxingjianletuanjieguanqu、hanguerheguanqu、axingguanquhexinfashuiku、yonganshuikuyijihanguerhebailifanghongdadi、nierjinenjiangfanghongdadidengyixiezhongdianshuiligongcheng,gonggulenongyedejichudiwei。yu2001nian8yuedonggongdenierjishuilishuniugongcheng,shiguojiaxibudakaifadezhongdiangongcheng,juyoufanghong、guangai、gongshui、fadian、hangyun、huanbao、yuweiyangzhi、lvyoukaifadengzonghexiaoyi。jianchenghou,511pingfanggonglidejudahumianjiangchengweidongbeidiquzuidaderengonghu。zaijiaotongfangmian,wulunshiqiqihaershijiao,haishimolidawadawoerzuzizhiqihehailaeryidaidedawoerzujujuqu,gonglujiaotongheshuiluhangyunsitongbada,renmenwaichuqiuxue、tanqinfangyou、chuchalvyou、yunsonghuowuchuxianleqiansuoweiyoudefangbian。dao2005nian,gaiqiyijianchengyinierjizhenweizhongxin,yi111guodaoweizhudongmai,sitongbadadegongluyunshuwang,gonglutongchezonglicheng825gongli,kaitongkechebanci500duoge,shixianlequanqisuoyouxingzhengcunquanbutongkechedemubiao。xinjiandenenjiangdaqiao、borongdaqiaohe3400pingfangmidekeyunzhongxindaloudengjichusheshi,jinyibugaishanledangdidejiaotonghuanjing。zaiyoudiantongxunfangmian,molidawaqixianyouyoudianzhiju(suo)24ge,yoululicheng1978gongli,shixianlecuncuntongyou。zi1994niankaitongchengkongdianhuayizhidao2005nian,quanqigudingdianhuayonghudadao32500men,gexiangzhenhegexingzhengcun,xianhoushixianletongxunjiaohuanchengkonghua、chuanshuguanglanhua。suizheyouzheng、tongxunshiyefazhanderizhenwanshan,yidongdianhuawangluoyifugaiquanjing,hulianwangyonghuzhuniandizeng。zaidianlishishicaipingtaizhucefangmian,molidawaqiyu1963nianjieshulechaiyoufadianjigongdiandelishi,kaishiyoudongbeidianwanggongdian,xianjianyou110qianfushubiandianzhan1zuo,35qianfushubiandianzhan3zuo。1994nianquanqigexiangzhenquanburuwangtongdian,dao2005nian,zirantuntongdianlvda99.6%。

suizhejingjishehuishiyedefazhan,dawoerzurenmindechengxiangjuminshouruxianzhuzengjia,shenghuoshuipingdedaoleqiansuoweiyoudegaishan。2004nian,molidawaqichengzhenjuminrenjunkezhipeishouruyou2003niande6044yuanzengjiadao6701yuan,zengzhang10.8%;nongminrenjunchunshouruyou1052yuanzengjiadao2451yuan,zengzhang132.9%。2005nian,heilongjiangsheng36gedawoerzucundenongminrenjunchunshourudadao2606yuan,bi2002nianzengzhang26.38%。keyishuo,shixinzhongguodechengli、tebieshigaigekaifangdeshenrukaizhan,shidawoerzurenminguoshanglexingfuankang、fuzuxianghedexinshenghuo。

danghezhengfuduidawoerzuwenhuashiyedefazhanjiweizhongshi,zaidawoerzujujudiqujianlilegonggongtushuguan、wenhuazhan、dianyingyuan、tiyuguanheqingshaoniangong。tongshi,shouyinji、dianshijiyexiangjizoujindawoerzuqianjiawanhu,jidadifengfuledawoerzuqunzhongdeyeyuwenhuashenghuo。1955nian,molidawaqijianlileguangbozhan。1987nian,zainierjizhenjianliledianshiweixingjieshouzhan。2005nian,quanqiyoudiaopinguangbofashetai、youxiandianshitaihedianshifashetaige1zuo,weixingdimianjieshouzhantai240zuo,guangbodianshifugailvdadao90%yishang。

时时彩平台注册dawoerrenjujudemolidawaqililaixiangyou“qugunqiuzhixiang”demeiyu。xinzhongguochenglihou,chuantongdequgunqiuyundongzaidawoerzujuzhudechengxiangdedaoleguangfandekaizhan,bingbeilieweiguojiazhengshidetiyubisaixiangmu。1975nian,molidawaqichenglileyidawoerzuyundongyuanweizhudeyeyuqugunqiudui,zheishiquanguozuizaojianlidexianjidifangqiudui,yeshiwoguodiyizhizhuanyequgunqiudui。gaiqugunqiuduizaiquanguoxingbisaizhongduociduodeguanjun。1982nian,yidawoerzuqiuyuanweizhuliduiyuandezhongguoqugunqiudui,zaibajisitanjuxingdediyijieyazhoubeiqugunqiubisaizhongduodedisanming,zaiguojiqutanshangdiyicishengqiwuxinghongqi,weizuguozhengdelerongyu。1989nian,guojiatiweijiangmolidawadawoerzuzizhiqimingmingwei“qugunqiuzhixiang”。

时时彩平台注册molidawaqiwulanmuqizi1959nianchengliyilai,changnianshenruxiangcunyanchu,weifengfudangdigezuqunzhongdeyeyuwenhuashenghuozuochulegongxian。1983nian,gaiwulanmuqibeipingwei“quanguoxianjinwulanmuqi”,1997nian,youfenbiebeipingweineimengguzizhiqu“shijiawulanmuqi”he“quanguoshijiawulanmuqi”,bingduocishouwenhuabu、guojiaminweiweituo,daoguoneigediyijieluosi、chaoxiandengguojiaweiwenyanchu。

xinzhongguochenglihou,dawoerzudewenhuagongzuozhesouji、zhengliledaliangdeminjianwenhuayishu,chuangzaoleyipiqunzhongxiwenlejiandexindeyinle、wudaojiemu,tongshiyepeiyangleyizhidawoerzuwenyigongzuozheduiwu。youdawoerzusiqinmenghechuangzuo、yongdawoerzuyanyuanyanchudedaxinghuaju《batengbao》(dawoeryu,yiweinengshou),zhenshidifanyingledawoerzurenminzaidangdelingdaoxiapeihedongbeikangrilianjunjinxingkangrijiuguodeguangronglishi,biaoxianledawoerzudeyingxiongqigai。gaigekaifangyihou,yidawoerzulishiyuwenhuaweiticaidedianying、dianshijuhegejuchuangzuoriyizengduo。liaoninggejuyuan1978nianyanchudegeju《zuolingdenver》he1979nianpaishededianying《aolei?yilan》,doufanyingle17shijishaeqinlvewoguodongbeibianjiangshi,dawoerzurenminfenqikangjiqinlvezhededouzhengshiji,shiyidawoerzurenminfandiaiguoweiticaideyouxiuzuopin。

时时彩平台注册dawoerzudejiaoyushiyehuodeleqiansuoweiyoudefazhan。zaigejizhengfudedalizhichixia,zaidawoerzujuzhudecuntunxiangjijianlileyixiexiaoxue,zaidawoerzujujudechengzhenyibandousheyouzhongxue。1947nian,molidawaqigongsheyouchujixiaoxue95suo,chugaoliangjixiaoxue10suo,putongzhongxue1suo。jingguoxinzhongguochenglihoujishiniandefazhan,dawoerzuyijingxingchenglecongxueqianjiaoyudaochengrenjiaoyu、congjichujiaoyudaozhiyejiaoyugongtongfanrongfazhandejiaoweiwanbeidejiaoyutixi。ju2000niantongji,molidawaqixianyougejigeleixuexiao337suo,youzaixiaosheng5wanyuren,dadaolexiangxiangyouchuzhong、cuncunyouxiaoxuedemubiao,yiwujiaoyuwangdianfugailvdadao100%。

xinzhongguochengliqian,dawoerzudiqujibingcongsheng,wenyimanyan,youqishimolidawashanqu“keshanbing”fabinglvhengao,jidawoerzurenmendailailejidadeweixie,yanzhongdiyingxianglerenkoudefazhan。xinzhongguochenglihou,dawoerzudeweishengshiyezhangzufazhan,yiliaotixizhubujianquan,nongcunsanjiyiliaoyufangweishengbaojianwangfugailvda100%。2003nian,molidawaqiyouweishengjigou62ge,chuangwei564zhang,congshiyiliaoweishengdegeleirenyuanyou785ren,qizhong,zhiyeyishi174ren,zhiyezhuliyishi115ren,zhucehushi102ren,yaojirenyuan62ren,jianyanrenyuan37ren,guanlirenyuan78ren,gongqinrenyuan55ren,qita162ren。suizhejingjishehuishiyedequanmianfazhanherenminshenghuoshuipingderiyitigao,dawoerzuchuxianlerendingxingwangdexinqixiang。

nierjizhendefazhanbianhuashidawoerzudiquwushinianlishijubiandeyigesuoying。zuoweimolidawaqizhengfusuozaidi,zheizuomeilidechengzhenzaidawoerzumingezhongxiangyou“mingzhu”demeiyu。zaixinzhongguochengliqian,nierjizhiyouyixiejianloudemaocaofangheweishubuduodezhuanfang,shizhengshishicaipingtaizhucejiqiluohou。rujin,yizuozuosonglideloufangbadierqi,batehandajie、yilanguangchang、tongfuyinleguangchangdexingjian,shinierjichuxianleloufanglinli、jiedaopingzheng、shirongzhengjie、jiaotongbianli、tongxunkuaijie、shangpinliutongshunchang、renminanjuleyedezhanxinmianmao,bingyijukuaruliuxingjiwenmingzhendexinglie。zhenneibujinyouxinxingjiandegongyexiaoqu,haiyouwenhuaguan、tushuguan、dianyingyuan、xinhuashudian、bowuguan、gongyuan、tiyuguandenggeleiwenhua、yule、tiyusheshi,qunzhongxingdewentihuodongheyeyushenghuofengfuduocai。guangbo、dianshifugailv100%,youxiandianshiruhulvda95%yishang。jingjiheshehuishiyedexunsufazhan,shidangdiqunzhongguozheandingxianghe、fuyukuailedemeihaoshenghuo。nierjiweidawoeryu,yiwei“fanrong”。xinzhongguochenglihou,nierjizhenjingjishehuishiyedefazhanhegexiangjichusheshishishicaipingtaizhucederixinyueyi,caishinierjizhenzhengtixianchutamingzidehanyi。xianzai,dawoerzurenminzhengweichuangzaoyigegengjiafuyu、gengjiawenming、gengjiameilidemingtianernulifendou。

                                                                                             (摘自《民族问题五种丛书》之《中国少数民族》卷)
 
主办单位:时时彩_时时彩平台注册|官网 联系邮箱: hlbrsmwxx@126.com
单位地址: 呼伦贝尔市新区政务综合楼D区5楼 技术支持: 内蒙古索盾信息技术有限公司
网站标识码: 1507000002    蒙ICP备: 18001412号-2    蒙公网安备: 15070202000001号    
中文域名: 呼伦贝尔市民族事务委员会.政务    英文域名: bjbler.com    
时时彩_时时彩平台注册|官网