时时彩平台注册

 
 

俄罗斯族

ssmz_els

 

 

      民族概况:

时时彩平台注册woguodeeluosizugongyou15609ren(2000nian),qizhongchengzhen12700ren,xiangcun2909ren,sanjuzaixinjiang、neimenggu、heilongjiang、beijingdengdi。qizhongxinjiangweiwuerzizhiquzuiduo,you8935ren,zhanquanguoeluosizurenkoude57.24%,fenbuzaitacheng、wulumuqi、yili、changji、kelamayishidengdi。zaineimengguzizhiquyou5020ren,zhanquanguoeluosizurenkoude32.16%,fenbuzaiquanqu12gemengshi,qizhong,hulunbeiershizuiduo,you4741ren。hulunbeiershisuoxiaeergunashideshiweieluosizuminzuxiang,shiwoguoweiyideeluosizuminzuxiang,youeluosizu1075ren。

时时彩平台注册eluosizuzhuyaojuzhudexinjiangdetachengdiqu、wulumuqishi、yilidiquyijineimenggudehulunbeiershi,kuangchanziyuanfengfu,gengdijiaoduo,caoyuanliaokuo。tachengdiquweiyuxinjiangxibeibu,dimaodatifenweitianshanshanqu、zhungaerjieshanqu、zhungaerpendiqu。qizhongshanqumianji40%yishang,pingyuan46.8%,shaqiu、gebi13.2%zuoyou。tachengdiqushuwendaiganhanxingqihou,nianjunqiwenzai5℃zuoyou,nianjunjiangshuiliangwei200—400haomi,wushuangqi150—200tian。pingyuandiquxiajiyanre,dongjihanleng。hulunbeiershishiweieluosizuminzuxiangdichuduoshanqiulingqu,pendijiaoxiazhai,dilixingtaiweinanbeixiazhang,nanbeizuizhangchuwei185gongli,dongxizuikuanda55gongli,shuhanwendaishirunqihou,nianpingjunqiwenzai-4—5℃zhijian。gaixiangziranziyuanfengfu,youyeshengjiangguo、yuejie、dusiyuejie、shuiputao、caomeideng10duozhong。jinkuangchuliangda、chengsehao、kaicailishizhang。shiweixiangjingneilvyouziyuanfengfu,kaifaqianlida,xianyikaifadeeluosizujiatingyou、kouanyou、fengguangyoujiziranfengguang,shixiyinrenmenxiajilvyoudehaoquchu。

“eluosiren”(russian、ρyссκνe)yiciyuanziyuouzhougudaisilafurendebuluomingcheng——luosi。gongyuan1shijishibeiluomashijiachengwei“weilediren”。yuanchaowenzonghuangdishi,cengzhengdiaojinzhanghanguojingneide1wanmingluosijunrenrudadouchonghuweiqinjun,bingcijitudi,shishuzhongchengweisemuren。qingchaowenshuzhongchengwei“luocha”,zheishieluosizuzuxianluosibuzudeyinyi。18shijihouqizhi19shijimoheeguoshiyuegemingqianhou,youyubukanrenshoushahuangeguodecankutongzhi,dapieluosirencongxiboliyadengdiyongruwoguoxinjiangbeibudiqu。shengshicaiyu1934nianzhaokaixinjiangdiyiciminzhongdaibiaodahui,yijiaruzhongguoguojideeluosirenyi“guihuazu”demingyichuxilehuiyi。1935nian,xinjiangzhaokailedierciminzhongdaibiaodahui。huiyiduixinjianggeshaoshuminzudehuafenhechengweizuolejutiguiding,bingtongguolexiangyingdejueyian。qizhong,jiarulezhongguoguojideeluosirenheqitaouzhourenbeiguanyi“guihuazu”demingcheng。1949nianxinzhongguochenglihou,gaichengeluosizu。

时时彩平台注册eluosizudeyuyanshuyinouyuxisilafuyuzudongsilafuyuzhi。zhongguoeluosizushiyongewen,tamenyibanjiantonge、han、weiwuer、hasakedengduozhongyuyan,zaishehuishang,tamenjianghanyu,shiyonghanwen,zaijiatingnei,zaiyubenminzujiaowangshijiangeyu,shiyongewen。

历史沿革:

zhongguodeeluosizuzhuyaoshicongeluosiyijuerlai。zaozaiqingchaoshunzhiyuannian(1644nian),qinruwoguoheilongjiangdiqudebufenshahuangeguoshibingbeifuguijianghou,beiqingzhengfusongwangbeijing,bianrubaqi。zaihoulaideshunzhiqinian(1650nian)、kangxiqinian(1668nian)、kangxiershierzhiershisinian(1683—1685nian)jian,youyoubaiyueluosishibing,suijunduiziheilongjiangbeiyakesabianchengqianjubeijing。jinbeijingdeluo、he、yao、tian、hewuxingeluosizurenyue200yuren,jitamendehouyi。

时时彩平台注册18shijiqianhou,youbufeneluositaowangshibing、moushengdenongminhechuanjiaoshidengqianruwoguoxinjiangbeijiang。yapianzhanzhengyihou,suizheshaeduizhongguodeqinlve,zaixinjiangbeibuheheilongjiangbeibujianlijumindian,youyoudapieluosinongminqianruzhongguojingnei。shaeliyonggezhongbupingdengdetiaoyue,zaixinjiangdeyili、tacheng、wulumuqidengdishelilingshiguanhemaoyiquan,bushaoeluosishangrenheshougongyezheqianru。shiyuegeminghou,zheixieeluosinongmin、shangrenheshougongyezhedabufenjiarulezhongguodeguoji。shiyuegemingqijian,liuruxinjiangdeshaeshibing,beianzhizaiyili、tacheng、aletaihewulumuqi。1932-1938nian,zaisulianyuandongdiqudingjudexuduohuaqiaobeiqiangxingqiansonghuiguo,zheixiehuaqiaodaduoxiedaisuoqueluosizuqizijinruxinjiang。jutongji,dangshijinruyili、tachengdeyou19000yuren。jintian,xinjiangdeeluosizuduoshushizheixierendehouyi。1955—1957nian,dapibaoliuyoueguoguojideeluosirenqianfansulian,xinjiangeluosizuderenkouyinerjujian。

lingwai,zaineimengguzizhiqueergunazuoqi、eergunayouqiyueluosijierangdedidai,yeyoushaoliangeluosiren。zheiyidaijuminzaoxianduoshichuangguandongdeshandongren,tamenhuotaojin,huofamu,huozhongdi,houlaizhujianyueergunaheduiandeeluosirentonghun。jintian,eergunaheliuyuyidaideeluosizudaduoshitamendehouyi1。

xinzhongguochengliqian,eluosizuzaixiaochuxinjiangzhanluan,baochixinjiangshehuiwendingfangmianlvlizhangong。1931nianbeixinjiangshengzhengfuzhaomuzuchengeluosi“guihuajun”,renshuzuiduoshicengyou3getuan,zaijikuagansujunfamazhongyingbuduidezhandouzhongqilezhongyaozuoyong。1933nian,guihuajunyuxinjianggeminzuyidao,cuchenglezaiwulumuqifashengde“siyier”zhengbian,tuifanlejinshurenjunfazhengfuzaixinjiangdefandongtongzhi。

1944-1949nian,eluosizurenzaixinjiangsanqugemingjunshidouzhengzhongqilezhongyaozuoyong。fuyoujunshizhishihezhandoujingyandeeluosizujunguanjinrugejizhihuiyuangangwei,bushaoeluosizurenbeirenmingweiying、lian、paijizhihuiyuan,haiyouderenzaisanquzhengfudejunshitingheneiwutingdanrenzhongyaolingdaozhiwu,shenzhiweigemingdouzhengxianchulebaoguideshengming。

shiyuegemingqian,eluosishangrendailailezibenzhuyideyinsu,cijilexinjiangminzuzibenzhuyijingjidechanshenghefazhan,fengfuhuoyuelexinjiangdeshangpinshichang。shiyuegeminghou,tongzhixinjiangdeshengshicaishixingqinsuzhengce,eluosishangrenduiyucujinsulianzhongyayuzhongguoxinjiangdejingjishishicaipingtaizhuce、fazhan,qidaolehendadezuoyong。20shiji30niandai,xinjiangyou82.5%demaoyishiyusulianjinxingde。

eluosizurenduixinjiangjindaiqicheyunshushiyedefazhanyoujijigongxian。1926niangemilikenbeiweirenweixinjianggonglujudezongban。zaitadezhidaoxia,congwoguodongbei、tianjin、yilidengdipinqingeluosizudeqichejiashiyuanhexiulijishi,peiyanglexinjiangdiyidaishaoshuminzujiashiyuanhexiulijigong。

eluosizurendailailebijiaoxianjindeshengchanhejishugongyi,duibeijiangdenongye、chumuye、yuanyiyedefazhan,qidaolezhongyaodezuoyong。eluosirenhaiyinjinleshipinjiagong、xuexiezhizao、yiqunfengren、zhongbiao、fengrenji、shouyaochangji、zixingchedengxiulijishu。

eluosizushifenzhongshijiaoyu。zaixinjiang,eluosizubanxuejiaozao,xinhaigemingyihouxiandaijiaoyujiuchuxianyueluosizujujuqu。20shijisansishiniandaieluosizugeleijiaoyujiuxingchengyidingguimo,bingyouleyidingchengdudefazhan,geleijiaoyudepujilvyuanyuangaoyuqitaminzu。

时时彩平台注册zaibutongshiqiqianjuwoguoxinjiangdeeluosizuzhongyouyibufenyiliaoweishengrenyuan,tamenzaixinjiangyiliaoweishengguanli、peiyangpeixunyiwurenyuan、fangbingzhibing、fuyoubaojianyijiyiliaoweishengzhishidechuanbodengfangmianzuolebushaogongzuo,weifazhanxinjiangdeyiliaoweishengshiyezuochuleyidingdegongxian。

时时彩平台注册xinzhongguochengliyiqian,xinjiangnongmuqudeeluosizurendaduoyishuhuhuoshushihudexingshijujuxingchengzirancun,tamenjujudecunluobeichengwei“guihuacun”。neilishuitufeimei,caomufanmao,zirantiaojianyouyue。tamenzaineilikenhuangzhongdi,juzhuzaikaojinmuqudifangde,yecongshichumuye。yijudongbei、neimengdeeluosizurenzhong,youbushaorenzaihulunbeiershisanheliuyuanjialuohu,jianqieluosizuyimincunhuozhongezajucuntun40—50ge。zheilideeluosizurenbeichengwei“eluosizuhehuaehouyi”。

eluosijiatingweiyifuyiqizhixiaojiating。fuqinzhangguanjiazhongjingji。zinvzhangdajiehunhou,jilinglimenhu,dulishenghuo。yuhanzutonghunsuoshengzinv,yibandouyouhanzuheeluosizuxingming。eluosirenmingziyoubenming、fuminghexingsanbufenzucheng,funvjiehunhousuinanxing,yeyoushaoshuweinansuinvxingzhe,pingchangchenghuhenshaojiaoquanming,yibanyixiaominghuobenmingxiangcheng,pingbeihepengyoujiankeyizhihuqiming。

时时彩平台注册eluosizudejiatingguanxi,fuqidiweibijiaopingdeng,zunzhongfunv,zunlaoaiyou,jiatinghemu,zaijiatingzhonglaorenjuyouwushangdequanwei,zinvyufumudeguanxirongqia。hunyinbijiaowengu,lihunzheshao。zhuzhongduihaizilunlidaodedejiaoyu。eluosizuxinggekailang,linliguanxiyechulijiaohao。zinvchengjialiyehou,yaotongfumuqinfenjiadandushenghuo,youdezerengtongzhuzaiyigeyuanzili。

fenjiazaieluosizukanlaishizinvmenjingjiheshenghuodulidebiaozhi。fenjiashi,ruguofumuzaishi,jiatingcaichanyoufumuzhuchifenpei,yibanlaishuo,fumuyaojizijiliuyifenjiachanyanglao,ranhoujiangshengyudejiachanfenjiyichujiadenver、chengjiadeerzihemeiyouchengjiadeerzi。ruguofumuqushi,linglimenhudeernvwuquanjichengyichan,qiyichanyoutongfumuyiqishenghuodexiongdijicheng,huoanyizhuchuli。

lishishang,xinjiangeluosizuchengliguozijidejingji、wenhuajiaoyuzuzhi,kaizhangezhongjingji、wenhuahuodong,chuanbokejizhishi,cujinledangdijingji、shehuishiyedefazhan。20shiji30niandaichu,youjuzhuzaidihua(jinwulumuqishi)deeluosizushangrenchenglileeluosijingjixiehui,jizijingbangexiangmaoyiheshiye,xiujianjulebu,fangyingdianyinghejubangewuwanhuideng,haigoumaifadianjiqi,jianlixiaoxingdianchang,weicujinxinjiangdegongye、shougongye、shangyehewenhuashiyezuoguogongxian。1935nian,xinjiangguihuazuwenhuajiaoyucujinhuichengli,tashixinjiangeluosizufazhanbenminzuwenhuashiyedeaiguoqunzhongwenhuazuzhi。huizhishezaidihua(jinwulumuqishi)nanliangeluosizurendejujuqu。yili、tacheng、aletaidengdiyexianhouchengliletadefenhui。eluosiwenhuajiaoyucujinhuibanyouzijidehuikan《renminzhishengbao》,cujinhuineishedianyingyuan、tushuguan、yuelanshi、juchangdeng。eluosiwenhuajiaoyucujinhuidehuodong,zaixinjianggezurenminzhongchanshenglejiji、shenyuandeyingxiang,zaicujinxinjiangzhengzhijinbu、wenhuashiyedefazhan,tebieshieluosizujiaoyushiyedefazhanqiguozhongyaodezuoyong。

风俗文化:

woguodeeluosizuyizhibaochizhedaiyounongyuouzhoufengqingdeminzushenghuochuantong,tongshi,youyuzhangqihehanzudengqitaminzushenghuozaiyiqi,youxishourongruleqitaxiongdiminzudeyixiexisu。

eluosizuchuantongzhuzhaiduoweizhuanmujiegou、gaodakuanchangdepingfang,yeyoudanyimucaijiegoudefangwu。tiepiwudingdaduotushangcaiseyouqi,xiangsizhouyanshenxingchenglangyan。wudingshangkaiyoutianchuang,kediaojieshineiwenduhekongqiliutong。wuneifenweiketing、jushi、chufangdeng,duoqiyouqunuandehuoqiang。shineipuyouditan,chensheyoushafa、zhuoyi、shujia、yichudeng。nongcundeeluosizuminju,fangwusizhouqiyouyuanqiang,tingyuanneizaizhiyougezhonghuamu,huanjingyoumeiyiren,houyuanjianyouchuquan、dijiaohekufang。youdecunjuziranhuanjingfeichangyoumei,rueluosizujuzhujiaoduodetachengshiergongzhenkalangguercun,wanwandexiaohecongcunzhongliuguo,yichuangchuangfangwuhetingyuanbeishulinyanbizhe,xianchuyipaiyirendetianyuanfengguang。zaieergunaheliuyulinquyidaideeluosizu,youdehaijuzhuchuantongdeeluosi“mukeleng”fangwu,jibaoliuleeshidejianzhufengge,youjiashangxindesheji,secaixianyan,shifenpiaoliang。

eluosizuzhushishixiaomaimianbao,duoweihongkaoshizhongjianliekaidezhangxingdamianbao,chengwei“lieba”,jinshishijiangqiqiechengpianzhuang,shangtuguojianghuonaiyou。fushiyougezhongshucai、yu、rou、naizhipindeng。jierishipinyouxianbing、dayuanmianbao、mitangfanhehongtiancaitang、suanniunaijigezhongzuofadeyu。eluosizunanzixihuanhefutejia(baijiu)hezizhidepiwa(pijiu),haiyouzizhidegezhongleisipijiude“gewasi”yinliao。youyuyuqitaminzudezhangqijiaowang,zhuafan、niunaimifan、niunaimiantiao、nang、baozi、jiaozidengyechengleeluosizudejiachangfan。xuduoeluosizuxiguanyongwankuai。jiatingzhufuduoshanyukaozhigezhongxiangtiankekoudemianbaohebinggan。

eluosizuchuantongfushi,nanziduochuanxielingmabuchenshanhenizishangyi,xiyaodai,xiachuanxituizhangku、zhangtongpixue。funvduochuanlingkoudaizhedecumabuchenshan,waizhaowuxiuzhangpao“salafan”,huochuanyizhongjiazhidemaozhiqun。xiajiduochuanlianyiqun。nongcunjuminduozaipixueshangtaochuanxiangjiaoqianbangtaoxie,dongjizechuanzhanxueheyongzifangmaoxianzhichengdewazi。xianzai,pingrilirenmenduozhexizhuanggelv。

时时彩平台注册eluosizudejierizhuyaoyoushengdanjiehefuhuojie。shengdanjiezaigongli1yue7ri,jieshi,jiajiadouzhuangshishengdanshu,xiangyongfengmeideshipin,youbanyandeshengdanlaorenfenfaliwu,changgetiaowu,huandushengdanye。fuhuojiezaimeinian4yuejian,jieqian49tianweizhaijieqi,guojiediyitianjifuhuojie。eluosizudefuhuojieweijiezhongzhijie。jieshijiajiazhunbeifengshengdeshiwu,nannvlaoshaojiezhejierishengzhuang,xianghudengmenqinghe,jinqinggewu。guojieqianyitian,gejiayaozhuhenduocaidan,kanshangquyouruwucaibinfendehuatan。kerenjinmenzhuheshi,zhurenfenjimeirenyigecaidan,yixiangzhengshengmingdechangsheng。zaihuanjujinshishi,zhurenhekerenhaiwanpengjidandeyouxi,youshuyouying,feichangyouqu。ciwai,haiyou“baoxijie”(jieqizaimeinian3yueshangxun)、“chengnianjie”(jieqizaimeinian6-7yuejian)deng,yeguoyuandan、chunjie、guoqingdengquanguoxingdejieri。

eluosizunenggeshanwu,zhuyaoleqiyoushoufengqinjimantuolin、xiaotiqin、gangqin、sanjiaoqin、banjiladeng。qizhongdanboleqisanjiaoqin(qinshenzhutichengsanjiaoxingerdeming)hebanjilahenyoutese。eluosizugequwanzhuanyouyang,qizhongru《shanzhashu》、《hongmeihuakai》、《mosikejiaowaidewanshang》dengyeshenshouqitaminzuxiai。eluosizuwudaoxingshiduoyang,youduwu、shuangrenwuhejitiwudeng,chuantongwudaotitawu、toujinwujiyoutese。xinjiangdeeluosizujihumeijiadoubeiyoushoufengqin,shoufengqinjiyonglaiduzou、hezou,youyonglaibanzou,chengweirenminyuledebixupin。

时时彩平台注册eluosiminjianwenxuelishiyoujiu,ticaiduoyang,youminge、minjiangushi、yanyu、miyu、xiaopindeng。mingeyouwudaoge、duange(yichengduige)、aiqingge、yishige、langmanxiaodiaodeng。minjiangushibaokuolishigushi、chuanqi、xiaohua、duanxiaogushiyijihunlishangbinxiangsuojiangdegushi。minjianyanyu、miyu、huixieyoumodefengcixiaopin,neirongyeshifenfengfu。eluosizuduibenminzuguyoudechuantongwenhua,tebieshiminjianwenxue,zaijichengzhongbuduanfazhanhewanshan,yichengweirenminshenghuozhongbukequeshaodezuchengbufen。muqian,zaiwoguogedirengranbaoliulebushaojuyoudaibiaoxingdeyouxiuzuopin。

eluosizuminzugongyipinfenggedute。ruhuangtongchakan(samawaer),yinzuogongjingzhi、zaoxingbiezhiersuxiangshengming。diaokegongyifada,congshiyongxingdechuanglan、yibeidiaoke、jianzhuwudiaoke,daobaokuojinshu、yushi、mucaidenggongyipindiaoke,doujuyounongyudeminzufengge。qianjuxinjiangdeeluosizuren,chuangbanlezhigedeshougonggongchanghezuofang,shiyonghuaxueyaopinhexianjingongju,jiagonggezhongpizi。tamenrouzhidegezhongyangpi、niupi、mapiqingqiaomeiguan,jingjiunaimo,suoshengchandeyoupixie,buparunixiashui,suozhizaodegesakeshimaan、machetaoju,qingqiao,jiangu,xinjianggezurenmindouleyushiyong。eluosifunvdoushanzhangcixiu、bianzhi,jiyixianshu,tebieshanxiushizihuaxiu,chuleyiling、xiukou、maoyidengyishidewenyang,shineidemenlian、chuanglian、taibu、beizhao、zhentao、chuangweidengwupin,douxiuzhibutongsecaidejihewen、huacaoyewen,nongdanxiangyi、yazhidafang,budanshishenghuodebixupin,erqieyeshijingmeidegongyipin。

时时彩平台注册eluosizujihuixingqiwuhe13zheilianggeshuzi,qingkebuqing13ren,jiehunyeyaobikaimeiyue13ri,renweishibuxiangzhiri。jihuisonghuangyanselipin,renweihuangsebiaoshibuzhongcheng。jihuiwenfunvdenianling。daoeluosirenjiazuokehuobanshi,jinmenbixianqiaomen,fouzebeishiweibulimaodexingwei。bunengjiangkerenyindaochufang,renweishizuibulimaodejiedai。jihuishengrenzuochuangshang。

eluosizudaduoxinyangdongzhengjiao,shaoshurenxinyangjidujiao。zhongguoeluosizudenianzhangzheduidongzhengjiaoxinyangjiaoshen,zhuangnianheqingshaonianzedaduoandongzhengjiaotudechangguihuandujieri,danduobusongdushengjing,bujinxingqidao。xinzhongguochengliqian,eluosizuhaizichushenghou,anjiaoguidaojiaotangquzuoxili,zaijiaotangjuxinghunli,qingshenfuzhuchizangli。xinzhongguochenglihou,zheixieyishirijianjianshaohexiaoshi。20shiji90niandaiyilai,eluosizuzhongdezongjiaoyishiyousuohuifu。zaixinjiangdeyili、tacheng、wulumuqi,heilongjiangdehaerbin、qiqihaerdengdi,douyoueluosizujianzaodejiaotang。eluosizuyinyuhanzutonghunjiaoduo,shenghuoxiguanshangyeshenshouqiyingxiang,ruchunjieshibainianqingke,qingmingjiejizusaomu,fengyiguqinshudeshengrihejirijinxingjisi,muqianbulishizijiaerlimubeideng。

eluosizushiyigefeichangzhuzhongwenmingliyideminzu,tixianzairichangjiaowangdegegefangmian。shurenjianmianshiyaoshuo“ninhao”huo“nihao”;fenbieshiyaoshuo“zaijian”;xiangmoshengrenwenshishi,yaoxianwenhao,xunwenguohouyaobiaoshiganxie;kanjianbierenchifanshi,yibanshuo“zhuniweikouhao”;yudaobingrenshiyaowenhou“zhunijiankang”;songrenchuyuanmenshizhufu“yilupingan”,dangdajiaxianghugaobiehou,jijiangfenshouderenmenbixuzhongxinzuoxia,jingmopianke,ranhouzhanqilai,cuyongzhewaichuderentashangxingcheng;wanshanglinshuiqianyaohudao“wanan”deng;jieriqianxijianmianshiyaoshuo“yuzhujierikuaile!”ruyuzhongdajieri,youdehaiyouhuxiangxiexinhuohuzhihediandexiguan。jiewen、jugong、woshoudenglijieyehenpubian,qinrenhuohaoyoujiubiezhongfengshiyaoyongbaozaiyiqi,shuangfanghuwenmianjia,liangbiangeyixia。yixingzhijianyibanzhiwoshou。yuyouzhangbeihuofunvshi,buyixianshenshou,dengduifangzhudongshenshoushizaiyuzhiwoshou。duichucijianmiandefunv,zhixingjugongli,buwoshou。woshoushiyaoxiantuoqushoutao,qingqingyaodong。yudaoyourendapenti,zhouweiderenyaozhuqijiankang,dapentiderenyaobiaoshiganxie。liangrentanhuashi,bierenbuyisuiyichahua。zaieluosizujiatingzhong,yingermanyueshizhurenyaoshejiuyanzhaodaiqinyou,jihaizimingming;yinger40tianzhihoudao3geyuenei,yaodaojiaotangweihaizijuxingxili,bingrenjiaofu、jiaomu。

eluosizureqinghaoke,feichangzhongshiqinqingheyouyi。qinqi、pengyouzhijianwanglaimiqie,bingjingchangjubanjiatingjuhui。daoeluosijiazhongzuokehuobanshi,jinwuqianxuxianqiaomen,dedaozhurendeyunxuhou,yaoxianbaxiecaganjing,ranhourunei。jinmenyaotuomao,zuozaizhurenrangjidezuoweishang。kerenruoyaoxiyan,yaoshixianzhengdezhurendetongyi,shineibunengluanrengzhixie、keyanhui、rengyantou。zuilongzhongdechuantonglijieshiyongmianbaoheyanyingjiekeren,xiangzhengzheshanyiheyouyi。laikexuqiexiayikuaimianbaozhanshaoxuyanchixiahoucaikejinwu,zheizhonglijieguoquzhiyongyuyingjieguibinhexinniang,xianzaiyeyongyuyibanshejiaochanghe。nvzhurenzaikerenmianqianbixudaitoujin,yishizunzhong。jucanshi,shiyongguodedao、chadouyaodafangzaipanyanshang,ruofangzaizhuobushang,jiuhuibeishiweibujiangweishengdeshilixingwei。

eluosizulianaiyuhunyinziyou,danjiehunbixujingfumutongyi。hunlizaijiaotangjuxing。youshenfuxunwenxinlangxinniangjiehunshifouziyuan,dangdedaokendingdafuzhihou,shenfuweitaliangqidaozhufu,shuangfangjiaohuanjiehunjiezhi。xinlangxinniangjiangliangbeijiugehemeibeizhongdeyiban,yishitonggangongku。kerenmenzezaijubeiyinjiuqiangaohu: “kua!”xinlangxinniangjiezhehuxiangqinwen,yishixiangai。jiehun3tianhuiniangjia,xinniangfumuqinyaoxianduanchumianbaoheyanshui,nver、nvxushaoshizhi,zainachujiu,geheyibei,yishitianmixingfu。

eluosizushixingtuzang,zanglizaimudijuxing,yousizhedenanxingqinyoujiangguancaitaizhimudi,jiangguangaijiekai,qinyoumenxiangsizhezuozuihougaobie。shenfusongduyouguandeshengjing,weisizhejinxingqidao。zangyiwan,gaiguan,dingguanding,yongbaibudaijiangguanmufangrumuxue,qinyoutouyihuashu,youzhangzihuozuiqinjindenanxingqinrentiandiyichantu,qitananxingqinyousuihoujichantujiangmuxuetianping,mushangshushizijiahuoshibei。fumuwangguhou,congqianzinvyaochuanzangfu,xianzaiyibanpeidaiheisha,40tianneibudekandianying、changge、tiaowu、lifadeng。meifengsizhejiriyaojinxingdaonianhuodong。

时时彩平台注册xinzhongguochengliqian,eluosizudejiaotonggongjuweima、mache、palideng。liugengunmacheshiyousulianchuanruxinjiangde,shichengxiangeluosizurendezhuyaojiaotonggongju。zheizhongchedechejiayoubitiebalvecuyixiede“liugengun”zucheng,renmenchengzhiwei“liugengun”。zheizhongmacheyiyipimaweidongli,yeyouyongliangpimalade,gongyousigelunzi,qianlunxiao,houlunda,cheshendi,zhongliangqing,shisukuai,shifenlinghuo,shoudaorenmendehuanying。

发展现状:

时时彩平台注册woguodeeluosizuyizhibaochizhedaiyounongyuouzhoufengqingdeminzushenghuochuantong,tongshi,youyuzhangqihehanzudengqitaminzushenghuozaiyiqi,youxishourongruleqitaxiongdiminzudeyixiexisu。

eluosizuchuantongzhuzhaiduoweizhuanmujiegou、gaodakuanchangdepingfang,yeyoudanyimucaijiegoudefangwu。tiepiwudingdaduotushangcaiseyouqi,xiangsizhouyanshenxingchenglangyan。wudingshangkaiyoutianchuang,kediaojieshineiwenduhekongqiliutong。wuneifenweiketing、jushi、chufangdeng,duoqiyouqunuandehuoqiang。shineipuyouditan,chensheyoushafa、zhuoyi、shujia、yichudeng。nongcundeeluosizuminju,fangwusizhouqiyouyuanqiang,tingyuanneizaizhiyougezhonghuamu,huanjingyoumeiyiren,houyuanjianyouchuquan、dijiaohekufang。youdecunjuziranhuanjingfeichangyoumei,rueluosizujuzhujiaoduodetachengshiergongzhenkalangguercun,wanwandexiaohecongcunzhongliuguo,yichuangchuangfangwuhetingyuanbeishulinyanbizhe,xianchuyipaiyirendetianyuanfengguang。zaieergunaheliuyulinquyidaideeluosizu,youdehaijuzhuchuantongdeeluosi“mukeleng”fangwu,jibaoliuleeshidejianzhufengge,youjiashangxindesheji,secaixianyan,shifenpiaoliang。

eluosizuzhushishixiaomaimianbao,duoweihongkaoshizhongjianliekaidezhangxingdamianbao,chengwei“lieba”,jinshishijiangqiqiechengpianzhuang,shangtuguojianghuonaiyou。fushiyougezhongshucai、yu、rou、naizhipindeng。jierishipinyouxianbing、dayuanmianbao、mitangfanhehongtiancaitang、suanniunaijigezhongzuofadeyu。eluosizunanzixihuanhefutejia(baijiu)hezizhidepiwa(pijiu),haiyouzizhidegezhongleisipijiude“gewasi”yinliao。youyuyuqitaminzudezhangqijiaowang,zhuafan、niunaimifan、niunaimiantiao、nang、baozi、jiaozidengyechengleeluosizudejiachangfan。xuduoeluosizuxiguanyongwankuai。jiatingzhufuduoshanyukaozhigezhongxiangtiankekoudemianbaohebinggan。

时时彩平台注册eluosizuchuantongfushi,nanziduochuanxielingmabuchenshanhenizishangyi,xiyaodai,xiachuanxituizhangku、zhangtongpixue。funvduochuanlingkoudaizhedecumabuchenshan,waizhaowuxiuzhangpao“salafan”,huochuanyizhongjiazhidemaozhiqun。xiajiduochuanlianyiqun。nongcunjuminduozaipixueshangtaochuanxiangjiaoqianbangtaoxie,dongjizechuanzhanxueheyongzifangmaoxianzhichengdewazi。xianzai,pingrilirenmenduozhexizhuanggelv。

eluosizudejierizhuyaoyoushengdanjiehefuhuojie。shengdanjiezaigongli1yue7ri,jieshi,jiajiadouzhuangshishengdanshu,xiangyongfengmeideshipin,youbanyandeshengdanlaorenfenfaliwu,changgetiaowu,huandushengdanye。fuhuojiezaimeinian4yuejian,jieqian49tianweizhaijieqi,guojiediyitianjifuhuojie。eluosizudefuhuojieweijiezhongzhijie。jieshijiajiazhunbeifengshengdeshiwu,nannvlaoshaojiezhejierishengzhuang,xianghudengmenqinghe,jinqinggewu。guojieqianyitian,gejiayaozhuhenduocaidan,kanshangquyouruwucaibinfendehuatan。kerenjinmenzhuheshi,zhurenfenjimeirenyigecaidan,yixiangzhengshengmingdechangsheng。zaihuanjujinshishi,zhurenhekerenhaiwanpengjidandeyouxi,youshuyouying,feichangyouqu。ciwai,haiyou“baoxijie”(jieqizaimeinian3yueshangxun)、“chengnianjie”(jieqizaimeinian6-7yuejian)deng,yeguoyuandan、chunjie、guoqingdengquanguoxingdejieri。

eluosizunenggeshanwu,zhuyaoleqiyoushoufengqinjimantuolin、xiaotiqin、gangqin、sanjiaoqin、banjiladeng。qizhongdanboleqisanjiaoqin(qinshenzhutichengsanjiaoxingerdeming)hebanjilahenyoutese。eluosizugequwanzhuanyouyang,qizhongru《shanzhashu》、《hongmeihuakai》、《mosikejiaowaidewanshang》dengyeshenshouqitaminzuxiai。eluosizuwudaoxingshiduoyang,youduwu、shuangrenwuhejitiwudeng,chuantongwudaotitawu、toujinwujiyoutese。xinjiangdeeluosizujihumeijiadoubeiyoushoufengqin,shoufengqinjiyonglaiduzou、hezou,youyonglaibanzou,chengweirenminyuledebixupin。

eluosiminjianwenxuelishiyoujiu,ticaiduoyang,youminge、minjiangushi、yanyu、miyu、xiaopindeng。mingeyouwudaoge、duange(yichengduige)、aiqingge、yishige、langmanxiaodiaodeng。minjiangushibaokuolishigushi、chuanqi、xiaohua、duanxiaogushiyijihunlishangbinxiangsuojiangdegushi。minjianyanyu、miyu、huixieyoumodefengcixiaopin,neirongyeshifenfengfu。eluosizuduibenminzuguyoudechuantongwenhua,tebieshiminjianwenxue,zaijichengzhongbuduanfazhanhewanshan,yichengweirenminshenghuozhongbukequeshaodezuchengbufen。muqian,zaiwoguogedirengranbaoliulebushaojuyoudaibiaoxingdeyouxiuzuopin。

时时彩平台注册eluosizuminzugongyipinfenggedute。ruhuangtongchakan(samawaer),yinzuogongjingzhi、zaoxingbiezhiersuxiangshengming。diaokegongyifada,congshiyongxingdechuanglan、yibeidiaoke、jianzhuwudiaoke,daobaokuojinshu、yushi、mucaidenggongyipindiaoke,doujuyounongyudeminzufengge。qianjuxinjiangdeeluosizuren,chuangbanlezhigedeshougonggongchanghezuofang,shiyonghuaxueyaopinhexianjingongju,jiagonggezhongpizi。tamenrouzhidegezhongyangpi、niupi、mapiqingqiaomeiguan,jingjiunaimo,suoshengchandeyoupixie,buparunixiashui,suozhizaodegesakeshimaan、machetaoju,qingqiao,jiangu,xinjianggezurenmindouleyushiyong。eluosifunvdoushanzhangcixiu、bianzhi,jiyixianshu,tebieshanxiushizihuaxiu,chuleyiling、xiukou、maoyidengyishidewenyang,shineidemenlian、chuanglian、taibu、beizhao、zhentao、chuangweidengwupin,douxiuzhibutongsecaidejihewen、huacaoyewen,nongdanxiangyi、yazhidafang,budanshishenghuodebixupin,erqieyeshijingmeidegongyipin。

时时彩平台注册eluosizujihuixingqiwuhe13zheilianggeshuzi,qingkebuqing13ren,jiehunyeyaobikaimeiyue13ri,renweishibuxiangzhiri。jihuisonghuangyanselipin,renweihuangsebiaoshibuzhongcheng。jihuiwenfunvdenianling。daoeluosirenjiazuokehuobanshi,jinmenbixianqiaomen,fouzebeishiweibulimaodexingwei。bunengjiangkerenyindaochufang,renweishizuibulimaodejiedai。jihuishengrenzuochuangshang。

时时彩平台注册eluosizudaduoxinyangdongzhengjiao,shaoshurenxinyangjidujiao。zhongguoeluosizudenianzhangzheduidongzhengjiaoxinyangjiaoshen,zhuangnianheqingshaonianzedaduoandongzhengjiaotudechangguihuandujieri,danduobusongdushengjing,bujinxingqidao。xinzhongguochengliqian,eluosizuhaizichushenghou,anjiaoguidaojiaotangquzuoxili,zaijiaotangjuxinghunli,qingshenfuzhuchizangli。xinzhongguochenglihou,zheixieyishirijianjianshaohexiaoshi。20shiji90niandaiyilai,eluosizuzhongdezongjiaoyishiyousuohuifu。zaixinjiangdeyili、tacheng、wulumuqi,heilongjiangdehaerbin、qiqihaerdengdi,douyoueluosizujianzaodejiaotang。eluosizuyinyuhanzutonghunjiaoduo,shenghuoxiguanshangyeshenshouqiyingxiang,ruchunjieshibainianqingke,qingmingjiejizusaomu,fengyiguqinshudeshengrihejirijinxingjisi,muqianbulishizijiaerlimubeideng。

eluosizushiyigefeichangzhuzhongwenmingliyideminzu,tixianzairichangjiaowangdegegefangmian。shurenjianmianshiyaoshuo“ninhao”huo“nihao”;fenbieshiyaoshuo“zaijian”;xiangmoshengrenwenshishi,yaoxianwenhao,xunwenguohouyaobiaoshiganxie;kanjianbierenchifanshi,yibanshuo“zhuniweikouhao”;yudaobingrenshiyaowenhou“zhunijiankang”;songrenchuyuanmenshizhufu“yilupingan”,dangdajiaxianghugaobiehou,jijiangfenshouderenmenbixuzhongxinzuoxia,jingmopianke,ranhouzhanqilai,cuyongzhewaichuderentashangxingcheng;wanshanglinshuiqianyaohudao“wanan”deng;jieriqianxijianmianshiyaoshuo“yuzhujierikuaile!”ruyuzhongdajieri,youdehaiyouhuxiangxiexinhuohuzhihediandexiguan。jiewen、jugong、woshoudenglijieyehenpubian,qinrenhuohaoyoujiubiezhongfengshiyaoyongbaozaiyiqi,shuangfanghuwenmianjia,liangbiangeyixia。yixingzhijianyibanzhiwoshou。yuyouzhangbeihuofunvshi,buyixianshenshou,dengduifangzhudongshenshoushizaiyuzhiwoshou。duichucijianmiandefunv,zhixingjugongli,buwoshou。woshoushiyaoxiantuoqushoutao,qingqingyaodong。yudaoyourendapenti,zhouweiderenyaozhuqijiankang,dapentiderenyaobiaoshiganxie。liangrentanhuashi,bierenbuyisuiyichahua。zaieluosizujiatingzhong,yingermanyueshizhurenyaoshejiuyanzhaodaiqinyou,jihaizimingming;yinger40tianzhihoudao3geyuenei,yaodaojiaotangweihaizijuxingxili,bingrenjiaofu、jiaomu。

时时彩平台注册eluosizureqinghaoke,feichangzhongshiqinqingheyouyi。qinqi、pengyouzhijianwanglaimiqie,bingjingchangjubanjiatingjuhui。daoeluosijiazhongzuokehuobanshi,jinwuqianxuxianqiaomen,dedaozhurendeyunxuhou,yaoxianbaxiecaganjing,ranhourunei。jinmenyaotuomao,zuozaizhurenrangjidezuoweishang。kerenruoyaoxiyan,yaoshixianzhengdezhurendetongyi,shineibunengluanrengzhixie、keyanhui、rengyantou。zuilongzhongdechuantonglijieshiyongmianbaoheyanyingjiekeren,xiangzhengzheshanyiheyouyi。laikexuqiexiayikuaimianbaozhanshaoxuyanchixiahoucaikejinwu,zheizhonglijieguoquzhiyongyuyingjieguibinhexinniang,xianzaiyeyongyuyibanshejiaochanghe。nvzhurenzaikerenmianqianbixudaitoujin,yishizunzhong。jucanshi,shiyongguodedao、chadouyaodafangzaipanyanshang,ruofangzaizhuobushang,jiuhuibeishiweibujiangweishengdeshilixingwei。

eluosizulianaiyuhunyinziyou,danjiehunbixujingfumutongyi。hunlizaijiaotangjuxing。youshenfuxunwenxinlangxinniangjiehunshifouziyuan,dangdedaokendingdafuzhihou,shenfuweitaliangqidaozhufu,shuangfangjiaohuanjiehunjiezhi。xinlangxinniangjiangliangbeijiugehemeibeizhongdeyiban,yishitonggangongku。kerenmenzezaijubeiyinjiuqiangaohu: “kua!”xinlangxinniangjiezhehuxiangqinwen,yishixiangai。jiehun3tianhuiniangjia,xinniangfumuqinyaoxianduanchumianbaoheyanshui,nver、nvxushaoshizhi,zainachujiu,geheyibei,yishitianmixingfu。

eluosizushixingtuzang,zanglizaimudijuxing,yousizhedenanxingqinyoujiangguancaitaizhimudi,jiangguangaijiekai,qinyoumenxiangsizhezuozuihougaobie。shenfusongduyouguandeshengjing,weisizhejinxingqidao。zangyiwan,gaiguan,dingguanding,yongbaibudaijiangguanmufangrumuxue,qinyoutouyihuashu,youzhangzihuozuiqinjindenanxingqinrentiandiyichantu,qitananxingqinyousuihoujichantujiangmuxuetianping,mushangshushizijiahuoshibei。fumuwangguhou,congqianzinvyaochuanzangfu,xianzaiyibanpeidaiheisha,40tianneibudekandianying、changge、tiaowu、lifadeng。meifengsizhejiriyaojinxingdaonianhuodong。

xinzhongguochengliqian,eluosizudejiaotonggongjuweima、mache、palideng。liugengunmacheshiyousulianchuanruxinjiangde,shichengxiangeluosizurendezhuyaojiaotonggongju。zheizhongchedechejiayoubitiebalvecuyixiede“liugengun”zucheng,renmenchengzhiwei“liugengun”。zheizhongmacheyiyipimaweidongli,yeyouyongliangpimalade,gongyousigelunzi,qianlunxiao,houlunda,cheshendi,zhongliangqing,shisukuai,shifenlinghuo,shoudaorenmendehuanying。

                                                                                                 (摘自《民族问题五种丛书》之《中国少数民族》卷)

                                                 

 
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