时时彩平台注册

 
 

回族

ssmz_hz

 

 

民族概况:

huizushiwoguorenkoujiaoduodeyigeshaoshuminzu,zongrenkou981.68wanren(2000nian,bubaokuotaiwansheng),quanguode31gesheng、zizhiqu、zhixiashijunyoufenbu。ningxiahuizuzizhiqushiqizhuyaojujuqu,quanquyongyouhuizurenkou186.25wan,zhanquanguohuizuzongrenkoude18.9%。lingwai,huizurenkouzai20wanyishangdediquhaiyou: beijing、hebei、neimenggu、liaoning、anhui、shandong、henan、yunnan、gansuhexinjiangdeng。yidong、zhong、xisandadiqulaikan,huizurenkouzaixibudiquzuiduo,zhanqizongshude60.75%。qicishidongbudiqu,zhongbudiquzuishao。congnanbeilaikan,huizuzhuyaofenbuzaihuangheliuyudebeifanggeshengqu,nanfangfenbudehuizurenkoujiaoshao。genjudiwucirenkoupuchaziliao,zai56geminzuzhong,huizuanshengqushixianshichuderenkoufenbulisandujinciyuhanzuhegaoshanzu,weijudisan,zheibiaominghuizushiwoguofenbuzuiguangdeminzuzhiyi。

时时彩平台注册guanyuhuizufenbudetedian,youdexuezhejiangqimiaoshuweibuguizede“ding”zixing,youdexuezhezeyi“yi”zixinglaimiaoshu。danzongtishangkan,zhuyaobiaoxianwei“dafensan,xiaojuju”degeju。“dafensan”zhuyaobiaoxianweiquanguo2000duogexian(shi)jihudouyouhuizufenbu。zheihaitixianzaihuizurenkouzhansuozaishengqushizongrenkoudebilishang,zai31gesheng、zizhiqu、zhixiashizhong,huizurenkouzhansuozaishengqushizongrenkou10%yishangdezhiyouliangge(ningxiaheqinghai),zhan1%-5%deyou6ge,zhan1%yixiadeyou23geshengqushi。tongshi,conghuizurenkouzhangedishaoshuminzuzongrenkoudebililaikan,zuigaodeshiningxiahuizuzizhiqu,zuidideshiguangxizhuangzuzizhiqu,you10gesheng、zizhiqu、zhixiashidehuizurenkouzhandaolezheixieshengqushaoshuminzuzongrenkoude50%yishang。zaishanghai、anhui、shanxi、shanxi、beijing、tianjin、jiangsudengdi,suiranhuizurenkoushuliangxiao,danqueshizheixiesheng、zizhiqu、zhixiashizhongdediyidashaoshuminzu。

“xiaojuju”detedianjizhongtixianquanguohuizujuzhudeqingxingzhong,zaixibushengqu,huizuyilianpianjujuweitedian,fanyingzaihuizuzizhiqu、zizhizhou、zizhixiandouzaibeifanghuoxibudiqu。erdongbudiqu,zeyixian、cun、jiedaojujuweitedian,youduozaidayunheyanxianyidai。yuxibeidiqubutong,dongnandiquhuizujujudeguimodatizaibairendaowanrenzuoyou。

huizu“dafensan,xiaojuju”gejujizhongbiaoxianzaihuizuzizhiqu、zizhizhou、zizhixianheminzuxiangdefenbushang。huizuzizhidifangyigongyou14ge,qizhong,1gezizhiqu,2gezizhizhou、11gehuizuzizhixian(baokuolianhe);qizhong1gezizhiqu、2gezizhizhouhe6gezizhixian(huizuzizhixiangong11ge,baokuolianhe)junzaixibei。quanguoyouhuizuxiang140ge,xibeidiquzhiyou37ge,xinandiquyou28ge,huabeidiquyou27ge,huadongdiquyou12ge,dongbeidiquyou5ge,zhongnandiquyou31ge。

zhidezhuyideshi,zai183gebaiwanrenkouyishangdechengshizhong,dayueyou97gechengshidezhuyaoshaoshuminzushihuizu,youqishidongzhongbuchengshi,huizuzhandebiligenggao。zaiquanguohaiyou4gechengshidexingzhengjianzhishangzhuanshehuizuqu,fenbieshiluoyangshidechanhehuizuqu、zhengzhoushideguanchenghuizuqu、kaifengshideshunhehuizuqu、huhehaoteshidehuiminqu。youcikanchuhuizushiwoguo56geminzuzhongchengshihuachengduzuigaodeminzuzhiyi。

时时彩平台注册huizushihuihuiminzudejiancheng,“huihui”zuichuweitacheng,houlaicaiyanbianweizicheng。“huihui”yici,zuizaojianyubeisongshenkuode《mengxibitan》,zhitangdaiyilaianxi(jinxinjiangnanbujiconglingyixibufendiqu)yidaide“huihe”ren(“huigu”ren)。“huihui”kenengshi“huihe”、“huigu”deyinzhuanhuosuxie。nansongshi,“huihui”,chubaokuotangdaide“huihe”、“huigu”wai,haibaokuoconglingyixideyixieminzu。zheidouhexianzaisuoshuode“huihuiminzu”butong。shisanshijichuye,menggujunduixizhengqijian,yipixinyangyisilanjiaodezhongyagezurenyijibosiren、alaboren,buduandibeiqianfahuozidongqianxidaowoguolai。tamenzhuyaoyizhujuntunmudexingshi,yigongjiang、shangren、xuezhe、guanli、zhangjiaodengbutongshenfen,sanbuzaiwoguogedi。tamenbeichengzuo“huihuiren”,shidangshi“semuren”dezhuyaobufen,houlaitamenyejiuyi“huihui”zichengle。

huizuyeyouyixietacheng。songyuanshiqi,mengguminzudeguanfangwenshujianghuizuxianminchengwei“saertawule(sartqul)”;yuandaijiangmusulman(musilin)yinyiwei“musuman”he“musuluman”,yisidengtongyuhanwenzhongde“huihui”,cizhongqingxingyejianyumingdaide《huihuiguanzazi》(hanyu、bosiyufenleicihui)、《gaochangguanzazi》(hanyu、weiwueryufenleicihui)。qijin,zaibutongdiqu,gegeminzuyuyanzhongduihuizuhaiyougezhongdetacheng。zangzujianghuizuchengwei“kaxi(kace)”,kenengyinweixizangbufenhuizulaizikeshenmier;mengguzuchenghuizuweihotun,jushuodangdihuizulaizihetian;xinjiangdeweiwuerzu、hasakezuhekeerkezizuzejianghuizuchengwei“donggan(tung’genhuotung’gan)”,jushuoyinweidangdihuizulaizitongguan,yeyoujiangtung’ganjieshiwei“liuxialaijuzhu”;yinhuizuzhongmaxingjiaoduo,sichuanyizudiqujianghuizuchengwei“majia(majia)”;yunnandewazuhedaizujianghuizuchengwei“paxi(basi)”,yiweilaizibosideren。butongdechenghubujinfanyingchuhuizuhezhongduominzuzajudeqingxing,yefanyinglehuizulaiyuandeduoyuanxing,yijizhiyeheqianxidetedian。

时时彩平台注册dangdaihuizutongyonghanyu,butongdiquchibutongfangyan。zaihuizuxianmindongqianchuqi,shialaboyu、bosiyuhehanyutongshishiyongde。youyuzhangqihehanzuzaju,tebieshihanrenchengfenzaihuihuizhongrijianzengduo,zaizhangqifazhanguochengzhong,jiuzhujianxiguanyuyihanyuzuoweibenminzudegongtongyuyan,bingbaoliuleyixiealaboyuhebosiyudecihui。yuanchaoshiqide“huihuiwen”shizhixinbosiwen、youcheng“pusumanzi”。dangshiyuanchaozhengfuzhongsheyouhuihuiyishi、huihuiyuanshi、huihuilingshi,jiushiyonghuihuiwenqicaowenshu、fanyiwenshudezhuanzhirenyuan。tongshiyuanchaohaiyouguanbandehuihuiguozixuehehuihuiguozijian,jiaoxuezhuyaoneirongshixinbosiwen。jinrumingdai,jinguanguanfanghaiyoucongshimusilinyuwenjiaoxue、fanyigongzuode“huihuiguan”,erhanyuzuoweihuizudegongtongyuyanyijinggudingxialai。mingzhongye,bansuijingtangjiaoyudexingqi,chuxianlejingtangyuhexiaoerjin。jingtangyushizhongguoyisilanjiaoqingzhensijingtangjiaoyuzhongshiyongdeyizhongzhuanmenyuyan,tashiyonghanyuyinyialaboyuhuobosiyu,huoyonghanyuyuhuiyiyibosiyuhealaboyu,bingxishouhegaizaolezhongguoru、dao、fogejiaojingdianyongyuheminjianyongyudechengfen。xiaoerjinzeshijingshimenzaizhongguotedinglishitiaojianchuangzaodeyizhongpinyinwenzi。tayongalabozimupinxiehanyuercheng,qizhongbaohanyoualabowen、bosiwenyuhui,ouerjiazagebiehanzi。bujinzaijingshuxiezuoshishiyong,youshiyebeiyunyongzaitongxin、jishidengjiaojizhong。ciwai,yuqitaminzuzajudehuizuyehuishiyongqitaminzudeyuyanwenzi,bingshoudaotamenwenhuadeyingxiang。ruyunnanxishuangbannadehuizu,jiuhaishiyongdaiyu、daiwen,chuandaizufuzhuang,zhudaizushidezhulou;yunnaneryuanxiandehuizu,chuanbaizufuzhuang,shiyongbaizuyu;yunnandiqingzangzuzizhizhouhexizanglasadiqudehuizu,shiyongzangyuwen;heyizuzajudesichuanliangshandehuizu,jiantongyiyu。ciwai,zaineimengguhexinjiangdiqudehuizu,youbushaorenjiantongmengguyu、weiwueryuhuohasakeyu。

历史沿革:

huizudezuyuankeyizhuisudaotangdai。genjuxianyoushiliao,tanggaozongyonghuiernian(651nian),alabohebosidemusilinshangrenluxuyouhailulaihua,zaiguangzhou、quanzhou、hangzhou、yangzhoujizhangandengchengshidingju。tamenjianzhulezhongguozuizaodeyipilibaisi,bushaorenquqishengzi,fanyanshengxi,shidaidingju,bingjianligonggongmudi。tamenbeichengweifankehuotushengfanke,beishiweihuihuiminzudexianmin。songdaidonglaideyoutairen,youyuzongjiaoshangdeqinjinguanxi,houlaiyechengweihuizuyibufen。

时时彩平台注册13shijichuye,menggujunduixizhengqijian,yipipixinyangyisilanjiaodezhongyagezurenyijibosiren、alaboren,buduanbeiqianfadaozhongguolai。tamenzhuyaoyizhujuntunmudexingshi,yigongjiang、shangren、xuezhe、guanli、zhangjiaodengbutongdeshenfen,sanbuzaiquanguogedi,chengweixingchenghuizudezhutirenqun。zailishifazhanzhong,yuandaibeichengwei“luolihuihui”、“lvjinghuihui”、yijibeigaizongyisilanjiaodejidujiaotu、xianjiaotudeng,junchenglejintianhuizuxianmin。songyuanshiyujuzaizhancheng(jinyuenanzhongnanbu)ji“zhanchenghuihui”、zhongyinbandaonanbuhenanyangzhudaoshangshuyumalairenzhongde“kunlunhuihui”yinqianjuzhongguoerchengweihuizudexianmin。weiwuerzupubianjieshouyisilanjiaoxinyanghou,dangqiqiandaoneidijianjiantonghuayuhuihuizhizhong。yuan、mingyilai,bushaomengguguizujiqishizuyinjieshouyisilanjiaoxinyangerzhujiantonghuayuhuihuizhizhong。lingwai,youyutonghunhezhengzhidengyuanyin,yijijieshouzongjiaoxinyanghefengsuxiguandeyuanyin,huihuizhongbuduanxishouleyixiehanzudechengfen。

mingdairengyoudaliangderenqunrongruhuizu。ruyuanjiweialabo、bosi、xiyutujuezhuzhonghedongnanyade“guifuhuihui”,haiyouqiaojude“jizhuhuihui”,tamenwangwangyi“gongshi”xingshijinruzhongguo,shituanchengyuanduodashubai,gongshiwanbi,youdefanguibenguo,youdezeqiaojuhuodingjuzhongguo,mingchaoyonglejiansuludongwangbingshishandongdezhou,qihourenshoufen,chengweidezhoubeiyinghuimindexianzu。

xueshujieyibanrenweihuizudazhixingchengyumingdai,eryuandaishihuizuxingchengdezhunbeishiqi。yuandaimenggujunduixiqinhou,bazhongyaxiyagezurenbianrutanmachijunqianfadonglai。anzhaoguiding,tanmachijun“shangmazebeizhandou,xiamazetunjumuyang”。dangshihuihuitunjumuyangdedifang,yougansuhexi、ningxia、henan、shandong、hebeiyidai,yijiyunnandengdi。cihou,youyoudapidehuihuijunshizaishedebianzhixia,tourunongmuyeshengchanzhongqu,erchengweiputongdenongmumin。tongshi,beiqianyidonglaidehaiyoudapihuihuigongjiang、huihuishangrenduobanjuzhuzaichengshihejiaotongyaodaoshang。youyutunshuheshougongye、shangyedejingying,gongtongdejingjishenghuochubuxingcheng。tongshi,yeyouyumeidaoyidijiujianliqingzhensi,bingweisierju,yejiuxianluchudafensan、xiaojujudefenbutedian。youyuanyidai,huihuirenyibianjiquanguo,yisilanjiaoyinzhiyechuanbodaogedi。

youyuhuihuirenduiyuanchaodekaiguojiqijunshi、zhengzhi、jingjidouyouhendayingxiang。tebieshihuihuishangcengcanyuleyuanchaodezhengshi,juwenxianjizai,huihuirenzaizhengfuzhongdanrengezhongzhiweideguanlibushao,qizhongrenzhizhongshushengzuo、youchengxiang,pingzhangzhengshijicanzhizhengshidengzhongyaozhiwuzheduoda320ren;zai10gexingzhongshushengrenchengxiang、pingzhang、canzhengdengzhongyaozhiwuzheduoda65ren。zheijihuihuirenzaigefangmiandefazhantigongleyoulidetiaojian。

时时彩平台注册mingdaishihuihuiminzuzuizhongxingchengdeshiqi。yuanchaomiewangyihou,huihuirenhemenggurenyiyang,yeyouyigezhubuneifudeguocheng。suizhemingchuquanguoshehuijingjidehuifuhefazhan,huihuidefenbuhejingjiqingkuangyeyouyidingdefazhanhebianhua。zaishangan,huihuijixukenhuangzhongdi,bingbuduanyouguifumingchaozhengfudehuihuirenqianxidaozheililai,renkouzhujianzengjia。dangshishanxiguanzhong、gansuhezhou、ningxialingzhouzhipingliang、guyuangezhouxian,huiminzhongduo,xingchenglehuihuidezhuyaojujudian。suizheshangyemaoyidewanglai,huihuijunshidetuntianzhenshu,guanlixuezhedehuanyou,tebieshinongminqiyizhongdeliudongqianxi,shihuihuidefenbujiuyulaiyufensan。danzainongcunwangwangzichengcunluo,zaichengzhenwangwangjujuguanxianghuoruogantiaojiexiangdedafensan、xiaojujudetedianshizhongbubian。mingdaiwenxianjizai: huihui“tongleizexiangyuqinhou,shiruoqinhou,shiruozhiqin。”“zishouqisu,zhongbukenbian。”dayuejinglile200duonian,zaiyisilanjiaoyingxiangxia,yihuihuirenweizhuti,rongheleguoneihan、wei、mengdengduozhongminzuchengfenzhujianxingchengweixindeminzugongtongti。

mingchaoyuhuizuguanxibijiaomiqie。zhuyuanzhangcengjinzhimenggusemurengengyixingshi,xianzhihuizuneibutonghun,caiquqiangpotonghuazhengce,kejianmingdaihuizuyimeiyouleyoudaishenfen。danzhuyuanzhang“yuzhizhishengbaizizan”yijiminghuangshiguanyuxiujianqingzhensihebaohuqingzhensizongjiaozhiyerenyuandeyuzhi,zaiyidingchengdushangkendinglehuizudezongjiaoshenghuo。mingchuyuanyoujunkendehuihuibingshiyizhangqigudingzailequanguogedi,bingjingguokaihuangzhongdi,fanyanshengxi,xingchenglewendingdejuzhuquyu,erzhangqijingshangdehuihuiyekaishizhuanxiangwendingdejusierju。zheixiewendingdejuzhuquyunei,xingchengleyiqingzhensiweihexindegongtongwenhua,bingtongzhouweihanzuyiqifanyanshengxi,jianliqileyinongyeweizhudeshehuishengchan,tongshijianyingshougongye、muye,qieyishanyujingshangerwenming。

daoleqingdai,huizushehuizhengzhidiweijiangdaolelishishangdezuididian。huizuzaiquanguogedijujudianrengzaizengjia,qizhongyouyixibeishanganningqingheyunnan、shandong、henan、anhuidengdihuizurenkouzuiweichoumi。yumingdaiyiyang,juyouyinongyeweizhu,jianyingmuye、shougongyeheshangyedetedian。cishi,huizunongyeyishifenchengshu,nongyerenkouzhanqizongrenkoudejuedaduoshu,nonggengfangshiyuhanzuxiangchawuji。muyeyisiyangniuyangweizhu,shougongyeyituzai、zhige、nongchanpinjiagong、cixiudengweizhu,yixiedifangdehuizuhaikaifakuangzang,fazhankuangye。shangyezuoweihuizudechuantongjingjibumen,zheishiyededaojinyibufazhan,huizushangrendezujibianjixiangcunhechengshi,neidihebianjiang,bingchanshengleyixiezhumingdehuizushangyejituan,kaipilexuduoxindezhangtujiaotongxian。jingyingdefanweiyeshifenguangfan,yipimaoyeguimozuida,zuijutese,chuxianlexuduopimaojisandi。zaizhengzhiwutaishang,suiranhuihuiguanyuanyebufaqiren,danjiuqizhiweiheyingxiangeryan,zewufaheguoquxiangbi。danshi,hanwenyizhuhuodongxingqiheyanxu,jingtangjiaoyuzaiquanguopuji,duiyisilanjiaodechuanbohehuizujiaoyudefazhanqilecujinzuoyong。lingwai,kuburenye、gaderenye、hufuye、zheherenyesidamenhuanjiqizhipaixiangjizhengshichanshengbingzaixibeihuodeguangfanchuanbo。

时时彩平台注册huizurenminjuyoufanyapodouzhengdeguangrongchuantong。mingmonongmindaqiyizhong,shanbeihegansudongbudehuiminzaimashouyingdelvlingxia,chengweidangshizhangxianzhong、lizichengqiyijundezhulizhiyi。qingshunzhiwunian(1684nian),milayin、dingguodongzai“fanqingfuming”dekouhaoxia,lvlinglechixuliangniandeganzhouqiyi。qianlongsishiliunianhesishibanian(1781-1783nian),xianhoufashengleqinghaixunhuasalazususishisanhegansutongweishifengbaohuimintianwudeliangcifanduidifangzhengfudehuodong。taipingtianguoyundongqijian,suizhegezhongshehuimaodunheminzumaodundejihua,yunnanhexibeihuiminlianhedangdigezurenminbaofaledaguimodeqiyi。zi1856zhi1874nian,duwenxiulingdaodeyunnanxibuhuizuqiyijunzaidalidiqujianchidouzhengle18nian。qiyijunzhudonglianhehan、yi、baidengzu,zhuyixiediaominzuguanxi。dalizhengquanzhuyixingxiushuili,fazhannongyeshengchan,jianqingnongminfudan,gulishougongyeheshangyefazhan,bingkaizhanduiwaimaoyi。yuyunnanhuiminqiyixiangbi,xibeihuiminqiyideguimogengda,bianjishanxi、gansuyijixinjiangdengdi。1862nian,taipingjunhenianjunjinrushanxi,guanzhonggedihuiminfenfenxiangying,duanshijianxingchengleshibadaying,zhuanzhanshangan,zuihouyu1877nianshibai。

gedihuizuhaiyibutongdexingshicanjiafankangdiguozhuyiqinlvededouzheng。yapianzhanzhengshiqi,zhufangzaizhejiangyanhaiyidaideshanganhui、hanguanbing2000ming,duiyingguoqinlvezhejinxingleyingyongdekangji。1855nian,zaixinjiangtacheng,youyushaediguozhuyidemaoyiguanmanhengdizuzhizhongguorenminzaizijidetudishangkaicaijinkuang,bingcanbaodishahailehuizuheqitaminzudekuanggongjiqijiashu,jiqilegezurenmindeyifen。zaihuiminkuanggongxutianyao、anyuxiandelvlingxia,fenshaoleshaezaitachengdeshangzhanhehuowu,ganpaolelveduochengxingdeqinlvezhe,chongfenxianshilehuizurenminfankangwailaiqinlve,baoweiguojiazhuquandeyonggandouzhengjingshen。1895nianzhongrijiawuzhanzhengzhong,huizujianglingzuobaoguilvlingjundui,fuzepingrangdeshouwei,zaizhandouzhong,taqinzizaipaotaishangzhihui,lianzhansizhouye,yishenxunguo。1900nian,baguolianjungongdabeijingdezhandouzhong,yizhizhuyaoyouhuizuguanbingzuchengdegansujundui,zailangfanghebeijingzhengyangmendengzhandouzhong,yingyongwanqiang,jidijunyichenzhongdedaji。zaituifanfengjianzhuanzhiwangchaodexinhaigemingzhong,wuhan、xian、chengdou、zhongqing、shanghaidengdidehuiminfenbiecanjialegezhongdouzheng。

时时彩平台注册wusiyundonghezhongguogongchandangchengli,weihuizurenmindechedijiefangzhiminglefangxiang。zaiwusiyundongzhong,shandongjinanhuimintoushenyudangdiyundong,zuzhile“huiminwaijiaohouyuanhui”dengaiguotuanti,canjialedaohuiqinripaihoushe《changyanbao》dedouzheng。mayuntingdengsanweidaitoudehuiminaiguorenshicanzaoqinripaijunfahuijianmaliangdeshahai,jinyibujiqileshandong、hebei、beijing、tianjingejierenshideaiguoyifen。zaitianjin,guolongzhen、liuqingyangdenghuizujinbunvqingnian,jijicanjiaaiguoyanjiang、xuanchuan、qingyuan、shiweideng,binghezhouenlaihedengyingchaoyiqizujianleyanjiumakesizhuyidexiaozu——juewushe。houlaiguolongzhentongzhouenlaidengtongzhiyiqiweiletanqiugemingzhenli,qufaguoqingongjianxue,chengweizhongguogongchandangdezaoqidangyuan。1925nianhuiguohou,tayizhizaibeijingzuodangdefunvgongzuo。1928nian,danrenzhongguogongchandangshandongshengweiweiyuan,1930nianzaiqingdaocongshigongrenyundong,cinian,buxingbeibu,jianzhenbuqu,canzaojunfashahai。guolongzhendengrendegeminghuodongdaibiaolehuizuzhongxianjinfenzizaizhongguogongchandangchuangjianshiqisuozuodegongxian。

diyicihedierciguoneigemingzhanzhengshi,zhongguogongchandanglingdaoxiadegedigongrenyundongru“erqi”dabagong、shenggangdabagongdeng,yijigedidenongminyundong,yedouyouhuizuxianjinfenzicanjia。zhangxindianjichechanggongrenwuzhen,zaizhongguogongchandanglingdaodelaodongbuxixuexiaoxuexi,shoudaomakesilieningzhuyijiaoyu,jijicanjiagemingdouzheng,dedaogongrendexinlai,beixuanweitielugonghuiweiyuan,houzai“erqi”dabagongzhong,danrendiaochatuantuanzhang,beijunfawupeifudaibu,shoujinkuxing,beihaixisheng。wuzhendedouzhengshiji,biaozhizhehuizugongrendejuexing。

zhongguogongnonghongjundezhangzheng,zaihuizuzhongboxialegengduodegemingzhongzi。hongjunzaihuizudiquxuanchuandangdeminzuzhengce,zunzhonghuiminfengsuxiguanhezongjiaoxinyangziyou,shiguangdahuizuqunzhongshenshougandong,shitamenrenshidaozhongguogongchandangzhuzhangminzupingdeng、minzutuanjiehekangrijiuguodedaoli。zaigansushengxijixian(jinshuyuningxiahuizuzizhiqu)dedanjiaji,maozedongzhuxiheqitalingdaotongzhireqingdiyuhuiminjiaotan,bingcanguanleqingzhensi,xiangahongzixilejiehuimindeshenghuoqingkuang,shoudaohuiminqunzhongdereliehuanying。zaizhangzhengzhong,huizuqunzhongzhudongjihongjunsongqingbao,dangxiangdao,zhiyuanhongjun。haiyoubushaohuiminqingnianyongyuecanjiahongjun,beishangkangri,zaishanganningbianquhaichenglilehuiminqibingshi。

时时彩平台注册zaozaitudigemingshiqi,zaishanganhongjundebangzhuxia,gansuzhengningxianlongjuzichenglilehuiminzizhizhengquan,jianliledangzuzhi,fazhanlehuizudangyuan,jinxinglefenliangshi、fentudidegemingyundong。1936nian8yue,hongjunzaigansuningxiajiaojiedeyuwang、haiyuanyidaidehuiminjujudiqu,bangzhudangdihuiminjianlile“yuhaihuiminzizhizhengfu”,xuanchugunongchushendemahefuweizizhizhengfuzhuxi,haijianlileyihuiminweizhutidexianyoujidadui,jinxingdatuhao、fentiandidefanfengjiandouzheng。zheishizhongguogongchandangdeminzuquyuzizhizhengcezaihuizuzhongdezaoqishijian。

kangrizhanzhengzhong,huizugejiecengrenshifenfentourujiuguoyundongzhong。zaishanganningbianquhegekangrigenjudi,zhongguogongchandanglingdaohuiminjianlilegezhongkangrijiuguozuzhi。zaihuiminjiaoduodedifanghaibangzhujianlilexiangyijidezizhizhengquan。zaizhongguogongchandanglingdaohebalujun、xinsijundebangzhuxia,zaishanganningbianquyijihebei、shandong、shanxi、anhuidengdicongwudaoyoujianliledaxiaoshushizhihuiminkangriwuzhuang。zaishanganningbianqu,jianlilehuiminkangriqibingtuan,tamenzhandouzailongdongyidai,duibaoweibianquhekaizhanhuimingongzuozuochulejijidegongxian。zaijizhong,mabenzhailvlingdehuiminzhidui,xuexiheyunyongmaozedongtongzhidezhanlvesixianghebalujundezhanshuyuanze,duituanjiejizhongdiquguangdahui、hanzurenmin,jianchikaizhandihoukangriyoujizhanzheng,zuochulejijidegongxian。daojiefangzhanzhengshiqi,gedihuiminwuzhuangduobianruyezhanjun,weijiefangquanzhongguoerjixuzhandou。zaiguomindangtongzhidiqudegejiecenghuimin,mianduiguomindangzhengfufumieqiandezhongzhongbaozheng,jijicanjialebake、bagong、bashi、kangshuidenggezhongaiguominzhuyundong。henan、yunnandengdihuimin,jijicanjialedangdidefanjiangdihoudedouzheng。zaibeiping、tianjin、nanjing、xian、kunmingdengdicongshidixiagongzuodehuimindangyuan,chongpolimingqiandeheian,weiyingjiezheixiechengshidejiefangzuochulejijidegongxian。

时时彩平台注册zaiyananshiqi,zhongguogongchandangjiufeichangguanhuaihuizudegongzuo。dangshi,zaizhongyangdangxiaoheminzushishicaipingtaizhucejijipeiyanghuizuganbu,bingjianlilehuimindequnzhongzuzhi,bangzhuhuizurenminjianliqingzhensiheqingzhenshitang。maozedongzhuxihaiweiyananqingzhensitilezi。1941nian,《huihuiminzuwenti》zaiyananchuban,gaishudiyiciyongmakesizhuyideguandian,kexuedilunzhenglehuihuishiyigeminzu,bochilejiangjieshifourenhuihuishiyigeminzudedahanzuzhuyidemiulun,chanshulezhongguogongchandangduihuihuiminzudezhengce,zhiminglehuihuiminzujiefanghefazhandefangxiang,duihuizurenmindegemingdouzhengyouhendadeyingxiang。

bulunzaizhengzhi、jingji、wenhuashang,huihuiminzuzailishishangdouyongxianguobushaojiechuderenwu,duidangshirenminshenghuoheshengchanshishicaipingtaizhucedouzuochulejijidegongxian。

yuanchaochuqizhumingdezhengzhijiasaidianchi?shansidingrenyunnanpingzhangzhengshiqijian,zhuzhongnongyeshengchan,shelituntianqu,changxiukunminghe,guangsheyizhan,xingbanruxue,bingzhuyixiediaominzuguanxi,duiyunnandezhengzhi、jingji、wenhuadefazhanyijizhongyangzhengquanheyunnanguanxidemiqiezuochujijigongxian。hesongchaodebaozhengyiyang,mingdaidehairuishizhongguolishishangqingguandedianfan、zhengyidexiangzheng。tayishengjuguanqinglian,gangzhibua,shendeminzhongdezunjingyuaidai。guanyutadechuanshuogushi,minjiangengguangweiliuchuan。houjingwenrenmokejiagongzhengli,bianchenglezhumingdezhangpiangonganxiaoshuo《haigongdahongpao》he《haigongxiaohongpao》,huobianchengxiju《hairui》、《hairuibaguan》、《hairuishangshu》deng。zhongguolishishangzhuminghanghaijiazhenghe,29nianlilvlingpangdadechuandui,qixiaxiyang,fangwenleyazhou、feizhoudeng30duogediquheguojia。zheiyikongqianzhuangju,cujinlezhongguotongzheixieguojiazhijiandeyouyiheguojizhijiandejingjiwenhuadeshishicaipingtaizhuce,biaoxianlezhongguorenmindawuweideyingxiongqigai。

时时彩平台注册zaikexuejishufangmian,huizuduizuguozuochulehendagongxian。tianwenxuejiazhamaludingxiangyuanshizuzhuanjinde《wannianli》banxingquanguo,bingjianliguanxiangtai,zhizaohuntianyi、xieweiyi、pingweiyi、diqiuyi、fangweiyi、tianqiuyiheguanxiangyidengqizhongtianwenyiqi,zaizhongguotianwenxueshishang,zhanyouzhongyaodiwei。yuandaizhumingdejianzhuxuejiayiheidieerdingshiyuandadougongdianhegongchengdeshejizhehegongchengzuzhizhe,qishejidiandingleqihouzhenggebeijingchengshijianzhufazhandejichu。huihuiyishuzaiwaikeheyaowushiyongshangdouyouxianzhuliaoxiao,qiyiyaoyeyouzijidetixi。

时时彩平台注册zaiwenxue、zhexue、yishufangmian,yuanmingyilaihaiyongxianchuxuduoxiangsadoula、gaokegong、dinghenian、dingpeng、gaiqidengmingjia。yuandaibaikequanshushidexuezheshansibujintongjingxue、wenshi,haizuanyantianwen、dili、shuili、suanxuedeng,zuochulejiechudechengjiu。mingdaizhumingdesixiangjializhirenweiyuzhouyiwuzhixingdeyinyangerqiweijichu,jingguowushubianhua,shengchuwanshiwanwulai,juyouyixieposuweiwuzhuyiyinsu。qiangdiaoshehuipingdengshuo,fanduishengrenfanrenzhifen、zhiyuzhibie,fanduifengjianjiaotiaohenanzunnvbeiguannian,fandui“xianyikongzizhishifeiweishifei”。nuchiguanlizhizuiexingjing,zaiwenxuefangmiantichu“tongxinshuo”,zhuzhangchuangzuoxushufajijian,fanduifugumoni。yishengzhuyou《lishifenshu》、《xufenshu》、《zangshu》、《xuzangshu》、《lishiwenji》、《lishicongshu》deng。qifuyouzhandoujingshendefanfengjianzhuyiqimengsixiang,yingxianglemingmodeshehuisichao。wusiyundongqianhou,rengranqizhejiefangsixiangdejijizuoyong。

tangsongshiqidefankejujuzhidi,beichengweifanfang。fanfangshefanzhanghuodoufanzhangyiren,fanzhangyoudegaowangzhong、cailixionghouderendanren,jutifengzhiyouhuangdixiazhao,huoyouhuangdilingdifangguancaiding。fanzhangzhuyaoguanlifanfangdegexiangshiwu,yiju《gulanjing》、shengxunxingshi。

weileguanlilaihuademusilin,yuanchaozhengfuchengli“huihuihadesi”,zhangguanmusilindezongjiaoshiwuhexingming、cisongzhushi,shizizhiqitu。hongwushisinian(1381nian),mingchaozhengfuzhengshijianlilijiazhidu,wanshanlejicengxingzhengzuzhizhidu,yushigedihuizuyenaruleqifang、xiang、lijiaguanxiazhizhong。jianyuhuizuzongjiaoshenghuodeteshuxing,zaitangsongyuanfanfangdejichushang,youxingchengleyufangxiangxingzhengdanweidatiwenhedejiaofangzuzhi。

时时彩平台注册yuandaizhonghouqi,“huihuihadesi”beiquxiao,daizhierlaideshi“jiaofangzhi”。suowei“jiaofangzhi”,shijishangshiyizhongteshudezuzhixingshi,qiebujuyouguanfangdezhengquansecai,jibushiyijixingzhengjigou,yuchaotingdedifangjigouwulishuguanxi,ershiyizhongwangquantizhixiademusilincongshigongtongdezongjiaohuodongdeyizhongzongjiaozuzhixingshi。qijibentedianyou: (1)gejiaofangxiangduiduli,jiaofangjianmeiyoulishuguanxi;(2)danyihehubujiehexing;(3)yiyigeqingzhensiweihexin,xingchengrongzongjiao、zhengzhi、jingji、wenhua、minshichuli、shehuihuodongdengweiyitidejiaofangzuzhi;(4)jiaowuyusiwujifenliyoulianxi。

时时彩平台注册jiaofangyoujiaozhongtuijuyoumingwangdexianglaoweishetou(xuedong、tangdong)zucheng“yisili”(dongshihui)dengguanlijigou,fuzetiankecaiwu、siyuanxiujian、yanpinahong、xingbanjingtangjiaoyu、choujianhuimingongmudengyouguanminzu、zongjiaoshiye。fangneidemusilin,chudangdijicengxingzhengjiguanzaixingzheng、sifa、shuifu、chayiduiqijinxingguanxiawai,qitayiqiehun、sang、li、shengchen、zhaijiedengminsu、zongjiaohuodong,yijibuchufanxinglvdeminshijiufendiaojie,junyoujiaofanganpaihezhongcai。jiaofangdetedianshouxianbiaoxianweiqingzhensineidesanzhangjiaozhi,jiyouahong(zhangjiao)、muanjin(zanli)、haituibu(zhangjiaofa)fenzhangquanli。qici,yigedimude“kailiangmu”(zhenzhuyuyan)renzhuxueweijibenjiaoyi,danyeronghemouxiesufeipaihehanrudeguandian,xingchenggejutesedeliluntixi。disan,gegejiaofangxianghuduli,gebulishu。disi,fangneijiaozhongtongchengwei“gaomu(jiaomin)”,fancheng“xianglao”,bufenguijian,yilvpingdeng。qingchu,sufeipaizaiwoguoxibeibuguangfanliuchuan,xingchenglemenhuan。menhuandejiaozhuduiqisuoshudejiaofangshixingyangekongzhi,jiaozhupaichude“reyisi”guanliyibufendejiaofang,youcichuxianlexiaosishudasilingdao,xiaosizhangjiaoyoudasiweipaidexianxiang。danyinjiaopaibutong,qijiaofangzhijiandeguanxiyoudejinmi,youdeshusong,qingxingbuyi。

chuantonghuizudiquwangwangdouyoushehuigongyizuzhi。kangxinianjian,guangzhoucengjingyou“yisinilaorenhui”,fuzejizimaichanshouxi,yichongshigejiasangzangfeiyong,shixingjingjihuzhu。houyouchuxianle“huizulaorenzhangshouhui”he“huizujisanghui”,jixukaizhanhuzhuhuji,bangzhusangzanghejinglaoailao、jinianxianrendenghuodong,bingbanlileanlaosuo、guafufangdengjigou。tongshiqinei,henanhuaiyangyeyouguojiujihui、banbuhui、jiazihuidenggongyizuzhi。jiujihuidezhuyaoneirongshijiujipinkunhuimin,feiyonglaiyuanyuqingzhensidongshihuojiaozhangchumianxianghuiminmujuanhuoqingzhensidimudeshouru;banbuhuishiqingzhensiliyongmeiniankaizhaijiesuoshoudetianke、qingzhensidimushourujilinshilejuandeng,goumaimuban、baibu,yimaizangwangren;jiazihuishizuzhihuiminbangzhuhuiminsangjiaanliwangren。qingtongzhinianjian,chengdouqingzhendongsichuangbanleqingshantang,youxianglaolunliuchuzijiejiahong、hailifan、sishifuheguanguagudu、laoruobingcandehuimin。qingdaihunantaojiangxianzhabushelilejiguhui,zhuanjianshecang,shecangzhangjingguan,yougejiajuanjidaogubeihuang。guangxuliunian(1880nian),dangdihaijianlilejiuyinghui,zhuyaobaohunvying。yougejiajuanjidaoguzhitianzuoweijijin,fanshipinkunhushengnvyiren,fajidaoguyidanerdou,yibanhushengnvwurenyishangzhe,yetongyangfaji,gongfumuyongzuorihouchujiazhiyong,fantaohuangguilaizheshengyounvyingzezhuoliangjiuji,duininvyingzhezeyaozhongze。gaihuizaibaohunvyingshangcengqilianghaozuoyong。qingmozaihunandeqitadifanghaichuxianguojingweitang,bangzhuhuiminjiazhongsangzangwamu、anzang、zhanzheneize。qingdaiyilai,anhuishouxianyoubihansuo,dingyuanxianyoubanbuhui。minguonianjian,shouxianhaichengliguoshuilonghui、taihexianhaiyouhuiminjiuhuohui,zhuyaofuzehuozaishidemiehuogongzuo。

yapianzhanzhenghou,yipihuizuzichanjiejizhishifenzichuangbanlezhengzhi、jingji、wenhua、zongjiaodengshetuan,jijizhiliyuguojiashishicaipingtaizhuce。qingguangxumonian,hubeihankoujianlileqingzhenzizhigongyihuiheqinghebaoanhui,zaiweihudifangzhian、zhiyuanqiyijunzuozhanfangmianfahuiguozhongyaozuoyong。1911nian,shanghaiqingzhenshangtuanchengli,jijixuanchuangemingsixiang。qingmo,sichuandiquchenglilewenxiaoge、qingshenggongdenghuiminbanghuizuzhi。qianzheyimatougongrenweizhu,houzheyixiaoshangxiaofanweizhu。zheilianggezuzhiheqingzhenbaolutongzhihuizaibaoluyundongzhongfahuilehendadezuoyong。wusiyundongshiqi,tianjinhuijiaolianhehuichengli,youlidishengyuanbeijinggejiedeaiguoxingdong。yimayuntingweishoudejinanjiuguoshirentuan,liyongzhumarizaiqingzhensineixuanchuanfandiaiguodezhuzhang。wusiyundonghou,huizugejiezhongminzuyishijinyibuzengzhang,weihuminzutuanjie,zhengquminzupingdengquanli,chengweiguangdahuizutongbaodegongtongyaoqiu。1929nian,beijingchengliyisilanxueyouhui,hougengmingweizhongguohuizuqingnianhui。zhuzhanggeminzupingdengtuanjie,fanduidahanzuzhuyi。kangrizhanzhengshiqi,xiandiquchenglilexianhuiminkangrijiuguohui,zuzhiqunzhongyouxing,sanbukangrixuanchuanpin。zaizhongguogongchandangdelingdaoxia,1937nian,yisilanxuehuizailanzhouchengli,tongshi,bijiaohuoyuedekangrishetuanhaiyouxianhuiminxueshengkangdihouyuanhuizhihui、xianhuiminqingnianzhandishishicaipingtaizhucetuan,baotouchenglilexibeihuiminjiuguohui。zaihenan、hubei、hebei、sichuandengdifenfenchenglileyixuanchuankangriweizongzhidehuizushetuan。1938nianchengliyuwuhandezhongguohuijiaojiuguoxiehuishiguomindangtongzhiquyingxiangzuidadehuizushetuan。1948nianshi,gaihuizaiquanguoyou39gefenhui,388gezhihui,322gequhui。cengjingchuban《zhongguohuijiaojiuguoxiehuihuikan》、《huijiaowenhua》deng。kangzhanqijian,youzhongguogongchandangfaqihelingdaodekangriaiguozuzhiyoujilubianquhuiminjiuguolianhehui,chubanle《zhengdaozhoubao》he《zhengdao》zazhi。dongbeijiefanghou,xianhouchengliyouhaerbinshihuiminlianhehui,dongbeihuiminlianhehui、heilongjiangninganhuiminlianhehui,1949nianbeipingshihuimingongzuoweiyuanhuichengli。zheixiezuzhigenjubutongdiqu、butongshidaideyaoqiu,zaiweihushehuizhian、tudigaige、zhiyuanjiefangzhanzheng、peiyangminzuganbu、jiejuehuiminwentidengshang,doufahuilezhongyaozuoyong。

wenhuashetuanyoudongyamuminjiaoyuzonghui,liudongqingzhenjiaoyuhui、zhongguohuijiaojujinhui。qizhongyingxiangzuidadejiushizhongguohuijiaojujinhui,tayu1912nianchengli,yi“xingjiaoyu、gutuanti,huihanqinmu”weizongzhi。1936nianshi,fenbuyida200duoge。zhuzhongjiaoyudeshetuanhaiyouyunnandezhenxueshe、lanzhoudehuijiaoquanxuesuo、beijingdeqingzhenxueshe、hunandechangdehuizujiaoyufuzhuhui、qinghaideqinghaihuijiaojiaoyucujinhui、beijingdemuyoushe、zhuiqiuxuehuideng。jindaihuizushetuandejibenmubiaoshireaizuguo、reaiminzu、gailiangzongjiao、huzhuhuji。zaijindailishishang,tamendongyuanleguangdahuizutongbaocanjiakangridouzheng;zengqiangleminzuyishi;weihulehuimindehefaquanyi;cujinlehuizuwenhuajiaoyushiyedefazhan;zengjinlezhongguomusilinyujingwaimusilinzhijiandeyouhaowanglai。gengzhongyaodeshidiandinghefazhanlehuizuaiguoaijiaodelishichuantong。

风俗文化:

yisilanjiaozaihuizudexingchenghefazhanzhongshizhongqizhebukehushidezuoyong,zaihuizuxingchenghou,gedihuizuyizhiyanxuzhezheiyixinyang。yisilanjiaozaitangdaibeichengwei“dashifa”,yuanmingshiqi,chengzuohuihuifa,huihuijiaomen、huihuijiaodeng。huizudexinyangbaokuoneixinchengxin、songnianbiaobai、shentilixingsangebufen。jutilaijiang,anzhaoyisilanjiaodeguiding,huizubixubaochiliudaxinyang: xinanla(zhenzhu)shiliudaxinyangdehexin,jirenweianlashiduyiwuerde,zaohuatiandiwanwu,riyuexingchenjizhuzaiyuzhoudeyiqie。huizuzongjiaoxuezhebazheiyixintiaobianweishiliuzi“qingzhenyan”,ji: “wanwufeizhu,weiyouzhenzhu;muhanmode,zhenzhushizhe。”xintianxian,jirenweichulerenshijirendeshijieyiwaihaiyougemiaoshi,zhenzhuyongguangchuangzaodezhutianxianjishuyumiaoshideshijiefanchou。tianxianshizhenzhuzaohuade,wuxingbie、wulaoyou,zunzhaozhenzhudeyizhiguanlitianshangherenjianyiqiezhouzhuanheshaneyijiziranxianxiangdeng。xinjingdian,jixinyang《gulanjing》jiqizaimuhanmodezhiqiandeyiqiejingdian。chu《gulanjing》wai,dui《shengxun》yehenzhongshi。《shengxun》shimuhanmodedeyanxingjilu。xinfusheng,jirenweizhenggeyuzhoujiqiyiqieshengming,zhongjiuyouyitianhuiquanbuhuimie,ranhouanlashiyiqieshengmingfuhuo。rensihouyekeyifuhuo。xinqianding,jirenweirenshengdeshoumingzhangduan,pinfuguijian,shanechoumei,yiqiejunyouzhenzhuzainishengqianzaoyidingduohao。

richangshenghuozhong,lvxingnian、li、zhai、ke、chaodengwugongshixinyangdejibengongxiu。“nian”jiushinannvlaoshaodouyaoxuehuinianqingzhenyan。“li”jilibai,zhuyaobaokuorichangdechenli、shangli、buli、hunli、xiaolidengwushibai,meizhouwuzhumadejuli,yijimeiniankaizhaijie、guerbangjieliangcidaxingdehuili。“zhai”jiushizhaijie,youcheng“fengzhai、bizhai、bazhai”。yisilanjiaolijiuyue(laimaidanyue)lailinzhiji,meiridongfangfabaiqianjinshihoufengzhai,riluohoukaizhai,baitianbuyinbushi,juexingjiao。“ke”yejiaotianke,shuyu“jipinshui”,keyisanjipinqiongzhe、guanlizhangwuzhe、wulishushenzhe、bunenghaizhaizhehewuyiwukaoderen,yekeyiyongyuxiuqiao、banjiaoyujiqitacishanhegongyishiye。“chao”jichaojin,yisilanjiaoguidingfanshishentijiankangde,jingjitiaojianxuke,zailvtupingandeqingkuangxia,bulunnannvmusilin,zaiyishengzhongyaoqutianfangchaojinyici。chulewugongyiwai,haiyaoqiuzinvyaoxiaoshunfumu,fuqiyaoxianghujingai,huizutongbaojianhuxiangkuanren,pengyoujianzhenchengxiangdaidengdeng,zheijunbeishiweixinyangdeyibufen。

qingzhensishihuizujuxingrichangwushibai、zhumajulihejierizhonghuilidedifang。tangdaicheng“litang”,songdaicheng“libaitang”,yuandaicheng“libaisi”deng,mingzhongyeyilaizetongchengwei“qingzhensi”。qingzhensijishihuizumusilinmuyujieshen、jinxingzongjiaohuodongdechangsuo,youshijubanzongjiaojiaoyu、chuanbozongjiaochangshi、peiyangzongjiaozhiyezhedejiangtanhejingtang,haishihuizuqunzhongzhengzhi、jingji、wenhua、shenghuoyijigongyishiyedeyigezhongxin。pingshi,ahongzaiqingzhensijihuizuqunzhongjiang“waerzi(jiequan)”,haiyaojimanlajiangxue,zhuchihunsangjiaqutuzaishiyongqinchudengyouguanhuodong。

时时彩平台注册jingtangjiaoyushizhizaiqingzhensili,youkaixueahongzhaoshoumusilinzidi,xuexiyisilanjingdian,chuanshouyisilanjiaoyi、jiaofadengjibendezongjiaozhishi,peiyangzongjiaoxuanjiaojiebanrenhemusilinzhuanmenrencaideteshujiaoyu。tashi16shijishanxiweichenghuizurenhudengzhoushouxianchuangshede,qihou,qiqinchuandizihezaichuandizimenhuoyueyudongxinanbeigedi,xingchengleshanxixuepai、shandongxuepaiheyunnanxuepai。zaizhangqifazhanzhong,jingtangjiaoyuzhubuxingchengleyitaobijiaowanzhengdezhidu。qingzhensishituidongjingtangjiaoyudezhongyaochangsuo,gediqingzhensizhijinduofusheyoujingtangxuexiao。yibanfenweidaxue、zhongxuehexiaoxuesanzhong。jingtangjiaoyushizhongguohuizujiaoyushishangyingxiangzuishenyuan、yanxushijianzuizhangjiudeyizhongzongjiaojiaoyuxingshi。

时时彩平台注册jinguanhuizuxingchenghou,shiyigeyinongyejingjiweizhudeminzu,danqueyishanyujingshangerzhucheng。tangsongshidai,fankejiuhuoyuezai“sichouzhilu”he“xiangliaozhilu”shang。zhangan(jinxian)、hexizoulangdiquyijidongnanyanhaideguangzhou、yangzhou、quanzhou、hangzhoudengchengshi,shitamenjingshangluojudezhuyaodiqu。tamenkaishe“hudian”he“bosisi”,jingyingxiangliao、zhubao、xiangya、xijiaojizhongguodesichou、yaocai、tongqi、taocideng。xianmindeshangyehuodong,goutonglezhongxifangjingjiwenhuadeshishicaipingtaizhuce,jiaqianglebianjiangdiquyuneididelianxi,cujinleyantuchengzhendexingshengfanrong,yediandinglehuizushangyewenhuadejichu。yuandaihuihuideshangyehuodongkuozhandaodajiangnanbei、zhangchengneiwai。xiangliao、zhubao、jinyinshipin、liangshi、pizhangdengshitamenjingyingdezhuyaoshangpin。mingdaihuizuxingchenghou,shangyejingjijixufazhan。

时时彩平台注册huizujingyingchuantongshangyezhuyaoyouzhubaoye、xiangliaoye、yiyaoye、yinshi、tuzaiye、mafan、tuodui、yangpifazijiqizhangtufanyunye。zhubaoyehexiangliaoyeshihuizuxianmincongshidezhuyaoxingye。zaozaigongyuan7shijiqianhou,youxuduobosirenlaidaoyangzhou、zhangandengdi,congshiyizhubaoweizhudeshengyi。zheigechuantonghoulaidedaojidadefazhan,xinzhongguojianliqian,beijingshidezhubaoyedayueyou70%shihuizurenjingyingde。erqiehuiminjingyingdexiangliaoye、zhiyaoye、zhiciyedengyefeishenghaineiwai。yinshiyeshihuizuyixiangbijiaopubiandechuantongxingye。suyushuo: “huihuiliangdaxing,xiaomaixiaomaizainiuyang”;“huihuiliangbadao,yibamainiurou,yibamaiqiegao”;“huizusandaxing,yangrou、mantou、fantiaoliang”,dengdeng。zheishuomingyinshiyeshiduoshuhuiminshengjifangshi。mafan、tuoduiyeshihuizupubianjingyingdeyigechuantongxingye。huiminzailishishangjiuxihuanyangma、luo、lv、luotuo,haijingchangfanyunniu、yang、ma、lv、luozi、luotuodeng,baotoudengdidehuiminyinbeikaoneimenggudacaoyuan,suoyiyibanhuimindouyifanmaishengchuweiye,congzhongyingli。tongshi,daduoshu“mafan”zhuyaoyonglv、ma、luotuojingchangchuqugaozhang、duantufanyun,erqiezoushizhaojigebaneryiqizou,suoyi,guoquhuiminxiguanchengmafanwei“ganjiao”、“mabang”、“tuobang”、“yaoluozi”,baganche、ma、luoderenjiao“jiaohu”。

时时彩平台注册huizuzaiyinshixiguan、fushizhuangshi、danshengmingming、chengnianyishi、hunyinhesangzang、jieridengxisushang,douyounonghoudeyisilanjiaosecai。

genjuyisilanjiaodeguiding,huizujinshizhu、ma、lv、luo、gouheyiqiezisidedongwu、dongwuxue,jinshiyiqiexingxiangchouedefeiqinzoushou,wulunniu、yang、luotuojijiqin,junxujingahonghuozuolibaiderenniananlazhimingranhoutuzai,fouzebunengshiyong。richangshenghuozhong,huizubuchouyan、buyinjiu,dantebiexihuanyinchaheyongchadaike。youyufensangedi,xingchenglebutongdeyinchaxisu,beifanghuizudiquyouguanguancha;yunnanhuizuzhongyoukaocha;hunanhuizuzhongyouleicha。gaiwanchashixibeihuizudeyizhongteshushihao。zuiyoudaibiaoxingdeshi“babaogaiwancha”,jigaiwanneipaoyouchaye、bingtang、gouqi、hetaoren、zhima、hongzao、guiyuan、putaogan(huopingguogan)deng。

时时彩平台注册huizufunvyibandoutoudaibaiyuancuokoumao,daigaitou(yejiaodagaitou)。wulunzaiquanzhou、guangzhou、hainandengyanhaidiqu,haishizaineidi,yibandoushilv、qing、baisanzhongyanse,youshaonv、xifu、laorenzhifen。yibanshaonvdailvsede,yihunfunvdaiheisede,youlesunzidehuoshanglenianjidelaonianfunvdaibaisede。lvgaitouqingjunjiaoli;baigaitouganjingchizhong;heisegaitousuyaduanzheng。dadouxuanyongsi、chou、qiaoqisha、dequeliangdenggaozhongdangxiliaozhizuo。laonianrendegaitoujiaozhang,yaopidaobeixinchu;shaonvhexifudegaitoubijiaoduan,qianmianzhezhuqianjingjike。

时时彩平台注册toushishihuizuzuidianxing、zuifuyoutediandefushi。yinyisilanjiaoshangbaise,yincihuizushibaiseweizuijiejing、zuixiyuedeyanse。zaiyi、guanyanseshangyibai、lv、heiseweizhu。huizunanzidaidewuyanxiaobaimao,yicheng“huihuimao”huo“libaimao”。youbai、hui、lan、lv、heiwuse,fenchun、xia、qiu、dongbutongdejijielaidai。yibanchunxiaqiujidaibaisemaozuiduo,dongjidaihuisehuoheise。maozideyangshiyinjiaopaihediqubutongeryouchayi。ruzheherenyejiaopaidehuiminaidailiujiaojiandingmao,liubanbiaoshijianxinliudaxinyang,maoyuanbiaoshiwanjiaoguiyi。chulebaimaowai,qingzhensilideahong、manlaheduxinzongjiaodehuizulaorenzexiaidaichantou。

时时彩平台注册genjuzongjiaoguiding,huizuyingerdanshengdedangtianhuosantianzhinei,bixuqingyiweiahongjiyingerjuxingmingmingli,jiqijingming,yejiaohuihuiming。mingminglishouxianyoujiatingzhuren,bahaizibaodaomenjianli,ahongzhanzaimenkouhuomenjianwai,xianduizhexiaohaideyouerdinian“banke”(xuanlici)。zaiduizhexiaohaidezuoernian“shamaiti”,jijiaominhuijudaoqingzhensihouzhunbeilibaidezhaohuci。erhou,shinanhaibianzaizuoerlimanmanchuiyikouqihuoqingqingyaoyixia,shinvhaizezaiyouerduolichuiyikouqi。qiyisishibayigexinshenger,youqingzhensizhiwaihuhuandaoqingzhensizhinei,yishengxialaijiuyaochengweiyigedangrandemusilin。yishihou,bianconghuijiaozhongduodexianxianzhongxuanchuyigemeiming,gaosujialiren。zheitian,youtiaojiandeyaozaiyang,yibandeyeyaozhayouxiang、sazi、huahuadeng,qingahong,songzuolinyoushe、qinqipengyou,yishiqinghe。mingminglijieshuhou,yaoyonghongzao、baitang、hongtang、bingtangshuidengtiandongxijixiaohaierkaikou。

时时彩平台注册zongjiaoguidingyaoqiu,nanhaidaoshiersuikaishichengdanzongjiaoyiwu,lvxing“tianming”he“xunnai”dezongjiaogongke。huizunantongyibanzai5—9suishixinggeli。huizuqunzhongduigelifeichangzhongshi。gelizheitian,jiatingjingjitiaojianjiaofuyude,yaojixiaohaihuanshangyishenxinyifu。jialiyibanyaozaiyang、zaiji、zhayouxiang。

gedihuizuhunlixingshiduozhongduoyang。bijiaoyizhidechengxushiqingmeirentiqin、shuoseliangmu(yejiaodingcha),chahua(yejiaodingqin)、yingqu、niannikaha、saxi、naodongfang、baizhenxian、huimendeng。hunlishi,nannvgejiahaiyaobaiyanxi,zhaodaibinke。dangxinniangziruledongfang,songqinkerenjinwuhou,zhurenyifangmiananpaijiedaikeren,yifangmianqingahongjixinlangxinniangnian“nikaha”: zaitangwuzhengzhongsheyizhangfangzhuo,shangfangzuoahong,zuoyouzuozhenghunrenhefumuqin,dixiapushangtanzi,xinlang、xinniangguihuozhanzaishangmian,lingtingahongdejiaohuihexuandu《gulanjing》youguanpianduan,zaiyonghanyuzuoyifanjieshi。zhenghunyishijieshuhou,xinlang、xinniangrudongfang。

huizujishuo“si”,jiang“shishi”yibanchengwei“wuchang”,youxiedifangcheng“guizhen”huo“maoti”。“guizhen”shihuizuqunzhongduiduxinzongjiaohezongjiaozhiyerenyuanyijizongjiaoshangcengrenshidechengfa。zangliyaojingguotingshi、shanmian、beilian、jingshen、xiazang、jinianwangrendengchengxu。qizhongbinli(zhanzheneize)shihuizusangzangzhongzuizhongyaodeyibufen。fancanjiabinliderenbixuxidajing,binlidelingdaozhe,yibandoushiyoubenfangqingzhensilidejiaozhangdanren,yeyoudegenjuwangrendeyizhulaiqueding,bulunbeifen、diwei,zhiyaodongyisilanjiaogui,zaiqunzhongzhongyoujiaogaodeweixinjike。yibangenjuwangrenwuchangshijiandezhangduanlaicaiqubutongguimohefangshidejinianhuodong。jiniancongmaizangdedangtianwanshangkaishi,you“touqi”、“erqi”、“sanqi”、“sishiri”、“bairi”、“zhounian”。

yinweixinyangyisilanjiao,huizumeinianzhuyaoguosangezhongdajieri,jikaizhaijie、guerbangjieheshengjijie,jierijunyiyisilanjiaolijisuan。meinianjiaolijiuyueweizhaiyue,nanmanshierzhousui、nvmanjiuzhousuiyishangdehuimin,douyaofengzhai。zhaijieqiman,fengkaizhaijie,zheiyitiancongfuxiaokaishiqilai,xidajing、muyujingshen,huanshangxinyifu,daoqingzhensihuili。“guerbang”yibanzaikaizhaijiehou70tianjuxing。jieqianjiajiadasaoweisheng,zhayouxiang、sanzi、huahuadeng。jieridangtianfuxiao,muyujingshen、ranxiang,huanshangzhengjiedeyifufuqingzhensicanjiahuili。jieshuhou,haiyaojuxingyigelongzhongdezaishengdianli,suozaiderouyifenzishi,yifensongqinyoulinju,yifenjipinshishe。shengjijieshijinianmuhanmodedanchenheshishidejinianri。xiangchuantadedanchenyushishidouzaiyisilanjiaoli3yue12ri,yibanhecheng“shengji”,sucheng“shenghui”。jierizheitianshouxiandaoqingzhensisongjing、zansheng、jiangshumuhanmodedeshengpingshiji,jiaoyuhuizuqunzhongbuwangzhishengdejiaohui,zuoyigezhenzhengdemusilin。zheitianmusilinhaiyaozuotaobai(chanhui)。yishijieshuhou,kaishihuican。

qitajierizhuyaoyouashulari、dengxiaojie、bailataijie、gaierdejie、fatumaijie、wangrenjie。fatumaijieyejiao“nvshengji”、mamahuihuogutaijie,shiyigejinianmuhanmodenverdejieri,zaimeinianzhaiyueshisi。youfunvmenqinzichudong,shoulianqianliang,jiajigetieguo,aozadouzhou,luoyixieyouxianghuozhayouxiang,qingahongnianjingqidaobingzansongshengnvdeshiji,zhihou,rangquanfangnannvlaoshaoyiqilaichi。ashulariyuanchuxibolaiwen,yiwei“dishitian”,yibanzhiyisilanjiaoli1yue10ri。xiangchuangairishiadan、nuha、yibulaxin、musadengxianzhidejiuderizi;haichuanshuozheiyitiananlachuangzaoleren、tiantanghehuoyudeng,yincizheiyitianbeishiweishenshengderizi。gongyuan680nianalizhizihousaiyinyugairibeiwomayawangchaosuosha,zheiyitianyouchengweishenyepaijinianhousaiyindeaidaori。ashulajiezheitian,chigezhongdouleiaodezhou,zheijiaoashulafan,yejiaoyikusitianfan。dengxiao,shialaboyu“mierlaji”deyiyi,yuanyiwei“jieti”。dengxiaojiezheitianwanshang,dajiajujidaobenfangqingzhensi,chulelibai、qidaowai,ahonghaiyaozhezhongxuanjiangmuhanmodedengxiaodeyiyi、qingjing,jiangshuzhenzhuduimushengdetebieenci。lingwai,yunnankunming、weishan、dali、baoshandenghuizudiquweijinianqingxianfeng、tongzhinianjianbeiqingjunshahaidehuimin,dingnonglisiyuechushiridingweiwangrenjie。zaiwangrenjieshi,huizumusilinfenfenjuxinghuodong,qizhongkunminghuiminzainanchengqingzhensijihui,youahongjiangjingbudao,ranhoudengmayuangongmu,gongsonggulanjing,jinxingsaomuhuodong。

xibeidiqudehuizuzaizhangqidelishizhongfazhanchulefengfuminjianquyi,bijiaozhumingdejiushi“huaer”he“yanxiqu”。“huaer”shizuijuyouhuizutesedeminjiangeyao,tebieshigansu、qinghai、ningxia、xinjiangyidaidehuimin,youshoudaerhou、mianduiqingshanchang“huaer”dexiguan。“huaer”youming“shaonian”,fayuanyuhuiminjujidelinxia,houyougansufazhandaoqinghai、xinjiangyidai,dadouzaihuiminzhongyanchang。jingguoshubainiandeyanbian,qudiaoyouyibaiyuzhong,yixingchenghezhouhuaer、lianhuashanhuaer、ningxiahuaer、qinghaihuaerdengbutongdeliupaihefengge。yibanjinzhizaijialihecunzhuangchang“huaer”,zhinengzaiyewaichang。chulepingshichang“huaer”wai,gedihaizhubuxingchengleyixie“huaer”hui。

时时彩平台注册yanxiqushixibeidiquhuiminzaixinhunyanxidengxiqingchangheyanchangdequdiao,tebiezaigansulinxiaheqinghaiminhe、hualongjiningxiadengdijiweishengxing。youxiehuizuqingnianjuxinghunlishi,tiqianyaoqingyixieyoumingdechangbashi,qianlaizhuhezhuxing。youduchang,youduichang,youhechang,ciqibifu,zengjialehunlidexiqingqifen。

时时彩平台注册huizuyouxiwuzhisu,xuduoqingzhensihaishelixiwuchang,youdeahongbenshenjiuwenwushuangquan,chulejiangjingshangkewai,haizirenwushujiaolian,bangzhu、zhidaomanlaxiwu。youyanyushuo“nanjingdaobeijing,chaquanlaizijiaomenzhong”。huizuwushuzhongleihenduo,lishishangcengjingbeichengwei“kunlunpai”,shiwoguosidawushupaibiezhiyi。minjianliuxingdechaquan、huihuishibazhou、jiaomendantui、bajiquan、bamenquan、xinyiliuhequan、tongbeiquan、majiaquan、hushouquan、musilinbafengtaijiquan、baiyuantongbeiquan、shuangdao、dadao、alijian、shensuojian、gulanjian、yanweijian、yuweijian、hezhougun、majiaqiang、shajiaqiang、huanzichuideng,junshuhuizudewushu。qizhonghuihuishibazhou、jiaomendantui、chaquandengcengzuoweiguoshulieruminguoshiqijunshixunlianxiangmuzhong。

huizudechuantongtiyuhaiyoutajiao、damuqiuheguanniudeng。tajiaokeyirenduiyiren,yekeerrenduisirendeng,jibendedongzuoshipingta、pojiao、beijiao、lianhuanzhuan、feijiaodeng。damuqiu,sucheng“dalanzi”、“dasuoer”huo“ganmaoqiu”。muqiushiyongyizhongyingduqiang、buyipoliedemutouzhizuodexiaoqiu,zhangyue8limi,cuyue10limi。damuqiu,qijujiandan,guizemingque,rongyizhangwo。meirenzhiyaozhunbeiyigen60limizhangdemubanghuomuban,yonglaijiqiujike。bisaichangdi,yibanshizhangyue30mi,kuanyue20mi,zhongjianyouyidaozhongchangxian,liangbiandixianzhongjiangeyouyige3mikuan、0.5migaodeqiumen,leisibingqiumen。bisaishijianyibanwei20fenzhongzhi2xiaoshizuoyou,fenshangxiachang。minjianmuqiudafayousansizhong,rudaquangang、diaogangheganlongdengdeng。guanniushimeinianzaishengjiezhuanmenjinxingbiaoyantiyuhuodong,yibanmeiyoushenmeyangeguize,zhuyaoshigenjumeigerendelilianghejiqiao,zaiyidingshijianneibaniuguandaoweimude。tongguoning、kang、yadengyixiliedongzuobadagongniuguandao,shizhisijiaochaotian。zheixiehuodongjunshijikeyule,youkejianshen、ziweidehuodong。

发展现状:

xinzhongguochengliqian,zaidiguozhuyi、fengjianzhuyiheguanliaozibenzhuyideyapoxia,huizurenminzaizhengzhishangmeiyoudiwei,jingjihewenhuafazhanhuanman。guominzhengfubuchengrenhuizudecunzai。huihuiminzuzhinengchenghuijiaotu,bahuiminchengzuo“neidishenghuoxiguanteshuzhiguomin”。

zhonghuarenmingongheguochenglihou,huizuheqitashaoshuminzurenminyiyanghuodelexinsheng,chengleguojiadezhuren。genjugedihuizujujudechengdubutong,dangzaihuizujujudiqushixingleminzuquyuzizhizhengce,jijianliyouningxiahuizuzizhiqu,youjianliyougansulinxia、xinjiangchangjilianggehuizuzizhizhou,yijigansuzhangjiachuan、qinghaimenyuan、hualong、xinjiangyanqi,hebeidachang、mengcundeng6gehuizuzizhixian。ciwai,haiyouhuizutongqitaminzulianhejianlidezizhixian,ruguizhouweiningyizuhuizumiaozuzizhixian、yunnanweishanyizuhuizuzizhixian、xundianhuizuyizuzizhixian、qinghaiminhetuzuhuizuzizhixian、datonghuizutuzuzizhixiandeng。congershixianleminzupingdengquanlihezizhiquanli。

sanjudehuizurenmin,yetongyanghuodeledangjiazuozhudepingdengquanli。tamendeminzutedian,yetongyangshoudaolezunzhong。huizudezhengzhidiweiyoulehendadetigao。zailijiequanguorenmindaibiaodahuihegeyouguandifangderenmindaibiaodahuidedaibiaozhong,douyoushiliangdehuizudaibiao,congzhongyangdaodifanggejidanghezhengfubumen,yedouyouhuizuganbucanjia。

时时彩平台注册huizudefengsuxiguanpubianshoudaozunzhong。huiminjiaoduodechengzhendousheyouhuiminfanguanhehuiminshipingongyingwangdian。zaihuizuzhigong、xueshengjiaoduodedanwei,yibandoushelihuiminshitang,weishehuiminshitangdezefajihuiminhuoshibutie。meifenghuiminsandajieri(shengji、kaizhaijie、guerbangjie),gedizaiwuzigongyingshangheqingzhuhuodongdoujiyuzhaogu。huimindetuzangxisushoudaozunzhong,gediduosheyouhuiminbinzangshishicaipingtaizhucechu,bingbochuhuangdi、shandizuoweihuimingongmu。zongjiaoxinyangziyoudezhengcezaigedihuizuzhongdedaolequanmianguanche。

时时彩平台注册xinzhongguochengliqian,zaidiguozhuyi、fengjianzhuyiheguanliaozibenzhuyideyapoxia,duihuimindeboxuehenuyipozhong,jingjihewenhuafazhanhuanman,fazhanshuipingjibupingheng。nongcundiquhuiminpochanhetaowangxianxiangbijiaopubian;zaichengshigengduohuizushenghuohenbuwending。xinzhongguochenglihou,huizushehuijingjishenghuofashenggenbendebianhua。jingguoleminzhugaigeheshehuizhuyigaizao,chengshihuizuzibenjiajingyingdegongshangqiye,youdegaiweiguoying,youdegaiweigongsiheying,tamenbenrenjingguogaizao,juedaduoshuyijingchengweizishiqilidelaodongzhe。huizudexiaoshangxiaofanyijishougongyezhe,youdelianheqilaichengweijitijingjideyiyuan,youdezhuanyechengweiguojiaqiyedezhigong。tongshi,gehuizuzizhidifangdegongyeshishicaipingtaizhuceyehuodefazhan。1978nian,ningxiahuizuzizhiquyijianlimeitan、dianli、jixie、yejin、huagong、qinggong、shiyou、dianzidengxiandaigongye,gongyezongchanzhiyiyou1949niande1200duowanyuanzengjiadaodangniande10yiduoyuan。

shiyijiesanzhongquanhuiyilai,quanguogedihuizuhuaizhejidadereqingtourudaogaigekaifangdelangchaozhong,bujintigaozishendeshouru,yeweiguojiajingjidefazhanzuochulezijidegongxian。zaixibei,gansulinxiaheningxiatongxindengdihenkuaixingchengweidangdihuizuhegedikeshangjinxingshangmaohuodongdejisanzhongxin。zaiyanhaiheneidi,chuxianleyipixiangzhenqiye,shiyixiehuizucunzhuangchengweilexiaerwenmingdefuyucun。zaidazhongchengshizhong,suizhejingjidefazhan,yongxianchuxuduohuizudegetihu、siyinghu,bingzhujiancongdanyidexiaoguimojingying,xiangjiaodaguimode、gaojishudelingyufazhan,congshidexingyeyeriquduoyanghuahezhuanyehua。

gaigekaifangyilai,gegehuizuzizhidifangyejinyibufazhan。youqizaizhongguogongchandangjianchiquanmian、xiediao、kechixudekexuefazhanguanzhidaoxia,xuduohuizudiqudalituijinxinxinggongyehua、chengshihuahenongyechanyehuajincheng,jiakuaijingjijiegoudiaozhengbufa,peiyujingjifazhanxinyoushi,zhuanbianjingjizengzhangfangshi,tigaolejingjizengzhangzhiliang,cujinlehexieshehuifazhan。zhongyangtichu“xibudakaifa”jueceyilai,ningxiahuizuzizhiqujingjihuodelekuaisudezengzhang,caizhengshouru,zengshilianghao;nongyeshengchanshangbaochipingwen。suizhenongyechanyejiegoubuduandiaozheng,nongyeguimohua、zhuanyehuashengchanshuipingbuduantigao;gongyeshengchanbaochijiaokuaizengzhang。chengzhenjuminshourudafudutigao,shenghuoshuipingjinyibugaishan。

xinzhongguochenglihou,huizujiaoyushiyeyoulehendadefazhan。zaozai20shiji50niandai,danghezhengfuzhidingjiaoyufangzhenzhengce,shelizhuanguanminzujiaoyudejigou,bochufazhanjiaoyudezhuankuan,dalifuchiquanguogeshaoshuminzujiaoyushiye,shihuizuxuexiaohuodelexinsheng。dao1989niandi,guojiazaihuizufenbudediqujianlileda、zhong、xiaoxuejiaoyutixi,huizujujudexian、xiang、cunjunshelilezhongxiaoxue。xuexiaozunzhonghuizufengsuxiguan,jianyouqingzhenshitang,fangbianxueshengshenghuo。gejigeleixuexiaozaitongdengtiaojianxiayouxianluquhuizuxuesheng。zi20shiji50niandai,tebieshizi1978nianyilai,zaidazhongzhuanzhaoshengzhongjiangdifenshuxianyiluquhuizuxuesheng。yixiegaodengyuanxiaoshelileminzuyukeban(bu)。youxiehuizudiquzaizhongdianzhongxueshelileminzuban,guojiahedifangcaizhengbochuzhuankuanbuzhuhuizuxuexiao,fafangdingeshenghuofei、jiangxuejin,jubanjisuzhihuiminzhongxiaoxue(bufenshengshizaihuizujujudiqushelihuiminzhongxiaoxue)。20shiji80niandaiyihou,huizugejierenshihequnzhongreqingguanxinhuizujiaoyu,qunzhongjizibanxue,jianlihuizujiaoyucujinhui、huizujiaoyujijinhui、quanguobufenhuiminzhongxuexiaojixiezuotideng。zheidadatuidonglehuizujiaoyushiyedefanrongfazhan。jiezhi2001niandi,hebeishengjianyouhuiminxiaoxue303suo,huiminzhongxue45suo。zainingxiahuizuzizhiqu,zizhiquzi2001niankaishiqidong“baisuohuiminzhongxiaoxuebiaozhunhuashishicaipingtaizhucegongcheng”,tuidonglehuizujiaoyudefazhan。jinru“shiwu”yilai,gansulinxiahuizuzizhizhoutouzi4.2yiduoyuan,xiujiangeleixuexiao397suo,tongshi,zhoushangzichouzijin1200wanyuan,shishixinxijiaoyugongcheng,kaishejisuanjijiaoshi120ge,shixuexiaomianmaodaweigaiguan。jiezhi2006di,ningxiaquanqudulishezhiguapaideminzuxuexiaodadao224suo,qizhongxiaoxue174suo,zhongxue48suo,minzuyukejiaoyushishicaipingtaizhuce1suo,minzugaoxiao1suo,yijibenxingchengcongjichujiaoyudaogaodengjiaoyujiaoweiwanshandeminzujiaoyutixi。gejigeleixuexiaohuizuzaixiaosheng49.2wanren,zhanquanquzaixiaoshengzongshude36.75%,dadaolegaiquhuizurenkoudeziranbili。

yucitongshi,suizhezhengzhipingdengdeshixian,jingjidefazhanfanrong,wenhua、xinwen、chubanheguangboyingshiyezhengpengbofazhan,huizudiqudeyiliaoweishengshiyeyededaojinyibufazhan。2005nianmo,ningxiahuizuzizhiquguangbodianshijichusheshishishicaipingtaizhucededaochongfendejiaqiang,buduankuodaguangbodianshifugailv,guangbodianshi“cuncuntong”gongchengshunlijinxing,jijituijinhewanshanyouxiandianshiruhu。quannianquanqudifangchubanbaozhi19zhong,zazhi35zhong,chubantushu600zhong。2005nianyilai,gaiquyiliaoweishengshiyeyededaojinyibufazhan。chuangjianweishengchengshi、weishengxianchenggongzuozhuoyouchengxiao。huizudiququanmintiyusheshideshishicaipingtaizhucededaojiaqiang,jiezhi2005niandi,ningxiahuizuzizhiquyiwanchengquanminjianshenlujinggongcheng194ge,zongtouzida2246wanyuan。

suizheshehuiwenhuashiyedefazhan,huizudegezhongrencaibuduanyong。rushixuejiabaishouyiheyangzhijiu;fanyijiahejiaoyujiamajianhenazhong;“zhongguojiaoxianglezhifu”(yinlezhihuijia)lidelun;xiangshengyishujiamasanli;zuojiashayexin、zhangchengzhi、huoda;zhongguokeshishicaipingtaizhuceyuanshizhangguangxue、jiangxikui、liuguangjun,zhongguogongchengyuanyuanshiwangshiwen、shuxuejiazhantaodeng,tamenjunzaigezidelingyuzuochulelingrenzhumudechengjiu。

                                                  (摘自《民族问题五种丛书》之《中国少数民族》卷)

 

 

 
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